District Level Information of Guntur (Andhra Pradesh)
About Guntur District (Andhra Pradesh)

Guntur district is situated in the delta on the southeast coast of India where the Krishna River empties into the Bay of Bengal. The native of the district has several opinions regarding the name of the district Guntur. The origin of the word “Guntur” can be traced from the words like gundu (a Rock), gunta (a pond) and kunta (1/3 of an acre). Earlier the district was remembered by its Sanskrit name, Garthapuri which means an area surrounded by ponds. Guntur District is an abode to the second oldest evidence of human habitation in India in the form of Palaeolithic (old stone age) implements. Ancient history of this region can be very well traced from the time of Sala kings, ruled during the 5th century BCE. The place of Guntur generally appears in two inscriptions dated 1147 and 1158 CE. During ancient and medieval times Guntur was successively ruled by different famous dynasties namely the Satavahanas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Ananda Gotrikas, Vishnukundina, Kota Vamsa, Chalukyas, Cholas, Kakatiyas, Reddys, Vijayanagara and Qutb Shahis. The not able battle of Palnadu that enclosed in legend and literature as “Palnati Yuddham” was fought in the district of Guntur district in 1180 CE. Guntur as a separate district came into existence on 1st October, 1904.

Gurram Jashuva, an eminent Telegu poet was born on 28th September, 1895 at Vinukonda, Guntur district. He was honored by many great awards-Sahitya Akademi Award for the work Kreestu Charitra in 1964, Kala Prapoorna Award by Andhra University in 1970 and Padma Bhushan Award by the Government of India in 1970. He died on 24th July, 1971 in Guntur. Yelavarthy Nayudamma, a famous chemical engineer and a scientist, was born on 10th September, 1922 at Yelavarru, Guntur district. He was honored with many national and international awards including the Padma Shri Award and Raja-Lakshmi Award in 1983 from Sri Raja-Lakshmi Foundation, Chennai.

Geographically, the district lies at 16°30'N latitude, 80°43'E longitude and 33 m. Altitude. In the year 2019, there was a total 7.80% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses with a total area of 11,391 sq km. and it is bordered by the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, Prakasam District on the south, Mahbubnagar District on the west, and Nalgonda District on the northwest. The elevation range of Guntur is 33 m. from the sea level. Krishna River of the district plays a significant role in the demarcation between Guntur and Krishna district. The climate of the Guntur district is featured as tropical climate. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 937.7 mm. in the year of 2019-20. The average annual temperature of the district is 28.5 C and 47°C respectively.

To administer in a smooth way the district is divided into four revenue divisions namely Guntur, Tenali, Narasaraopet and Gurazala Divisions. Moreover there are 12 municipalities under their respective revenue divisions are Guntur division-Mangalagiri, Sattenapalli, Tadepalle; Tenali division-Tenali, Ponnur, Bapatla, Repalle; Narasaraopet division-Narasaraopet, Chilakaluripet, Vinukonda and Gurazala division-Macherla and Piduguralla. Moreover, the district comprises 14 towns and 712 villages. The administrative language in the district is Telugu.

According to 2011 census the district has a population of 48,87,813 including 24,40,521 are males and 24,47,292 are females. The rank of the district is 3rd in the state and 22nd in India in context of population. The district has a sex ratio of 1,003 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 9.47% including 8.45% were males and 10.49% were females. As per 2011 census the major religions in the district are Hindu and Muslim with 86.29% and 11.45% of the total population. The population density in the district is 429 persons per sq. kms. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Telugu with 87.69%. In the year 2018 the number of live births in the district was 70,816 including 36,771 were males and 34,045 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 42,531 including 25,639 were males and 16,892 were females.

The livelihood of the rural people of the district is mainly based on agriculture. The core agricultural crops of the district are paddy, tobacco, cotton, pulses and chillies. Guntur is also a well-known commercial centre for exports of cotton, tobacco and chilli to different parts of the world. The head quarter of the Tobacco Board of India is in Guntur. The ICD {Inland Container Depot} which is a Guntur container Terminal nearby Marripalem helps in port operation in the Guntur district. In the year 2018-19 the gross domestic product of the district was Rs. 85,90,200 lakh at current price and Rs. 64,16,900 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2015-16 was Rs. 49,89,400 lakh at current price and Rs. 41,18,400 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2018-19 was Rs. 1,52,653 at current price and Rs. 1,12,142 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.

Guntur district is a renowned platform for higher education. The Acharya Nagarjuna University, established in the 1970’s is one of the largest universities in India. The Guntur institute of Medical Sciences is one of the premier institutes in the district. The Vedic University near Guntur specializes in the teaching of Vedic Sciences and other related philosophies. As per 2011 census the literacy rate of the district is 67.4% including 74.79% are males and 60.09% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 29,60,441 including 16,34,726 are males and 13,25,715 are females.

Bhavanam Venkatrami Reddy, the former chief minister of Andhra Pradesh (February 1982 till 19th September 1982), was born on 18th July, 1931 in Muppalla of the district. He was a member of Indian National Congress. Gogineni Ranga nayukulu or N.G. Ranga, a prominent Indian freedom fighter, parliamentarian, and kisan (farmer) leader was born on 7th November, 1900 at Nidubrolu village in Guntur District. He is considered as the father of the Indian Peasant Movement after Swami Sahajanand Saraswati.

Every year a large number of travelers come to this place to enjoy its historical monuments, amusement parks, temples, etc. Amaravathi is a place of the district which is located 16 miles northeast of Guntur City. The famous temple of Amareswara and the Mahachaitya stupa of 2nd century BC is the identity of the Amaravathi. Bhattiprolu is situated 20 miles southwest of the Gutur city. Earlier there was the Kingdom of Prati Palaputra. Kondaveedu, a historical fort was built during the reign of the Reddy kings in 14th century AD. is located 17 miles from Guntur City. There are 21 structures in the fort. Kotappakonda, the temporal abode of Trikoteswara Swamy, is a village, 25 miles (40 km.) south-west Guntur City near Narsaraopet. Uppalapadu Nature Conservation, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam and Ethipothala Falls represent the natural beauty of the district.

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