Kamrup district, located in the western part of the state of Assam with its administrative headquarters located at Goroimari town embodies the Kamrupi dialect and culture. The place is named after Kamarupa, the name by which the state of Assam was popularly known in the ancient times and at that time it was the administrative district of the state. Prior to the year 1980, the present day’s districts of Barpeta and Nalbari were included in the undivided Kamrup. During the period of British rule, the natives of the place had participated actively in the peasant uprising movement. Furthermore, there is an interesting mythological story associated with the district. Lord Shiva married the daughter of Daksha named Sati. During that time, Daksha was a very powerful king who did not like his son-in-law for some reasons. Therefore, he did not invite Lord Shiva for the "Yagna" (the great sacrifice) ceremony, which Daksha himself organized at a great level. When Sati reached the venue with her husband then Daksha made some rude comments on her husband in front of all the guests. As a result, she became very angry and sacrificed her life on the spot itself. After that Lord Shiva sat in penance for a long period of time. In the mean while Sati was reborn as Parvati. So, all the Gods sent Manmatha or Kama Deva, the God of Love, to make Shiva fall in love again with Parvati, and thus break his penance. Kamdeva succeeded in his mission, but when Lord Shiva discovered the reality, he was so enraged with Kamdeva that opened his third eye and burnt Kamadeva into ashes. Finally, Kamadeva regained his life and got his original form again in this place of Assam and for this very reason the place got the name "Kamrup" or sometimes "Kamarupa".
Raghunath Choudhary, an illustrious writer of the Jonaki era of the Assamese literature was born in the year 1879 at Laopara village in the Kamrup district. The heart of every Assamese, he is popularly known as “bihogi kobi” meaning poet of birds since most of his writings are based on birds and Mother Nature. In the year 1936 he was appointed as the president of the Tezpur session of the Asam Sahitya Sabha.
Geographically, the district lies at 26008'N latitude and 91056'E longitude. The altitude in the district is 55 m. In the year 2019, there was a total 31.03% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 3,105 sq km. and it is bounded by Udalguri and Baska district on the North, Meghalaya on the South, Darrang district and Kamrup Metropolitan district on the East and the districts of Goalpara and Nalbari on the West. The principal rivers in the district are Brahmaputra, Puthimari, Bornoi, Nona, Kulsi, Pagladiya, Kalajal, etc. The climate of the district can be characterised as sub- tropical with semi-dry summer and cold winter. Most of the rainfall in the district occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1350.9 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 2 sub-sdivisions namely Guwahati and Rangia. Moreover, there are 8 Revenue Circles under the Guwahati sub-division and 3 Revenue Circles under the Rangia sub-division. The district comprises 12 sub-districts, 16 towns and 1,068 villages. The administrative languages in the district are Assamese and English.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 15,17,542 including 7,78,461 are males and 7,39,081 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 949 (females for every 1000 males) and child ratio of 967 (females per 1000 males). During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was -1.11% out of which -1.82% were males and -0.34% were females. As per 2011 census the major religions in the district are Hindu and Muslim with 57.82% and 39.66% of the total population. The population density in the district is 489 (persons per sq. km.). As per 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Assamese and Bengali with 74.41% and 19.92%. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 27,732 out of which 14,975 were males and 12,757 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 6,984 out of which 3,433 were males and 3,551 were females.
The economy of the district is mainly dependent on agricultural sector. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural crop in the district is rice. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the agricultural products in the district helps in its economy to a great extent. The local manufactures in the district are confined to the weaving of silk, cotton cloths for home use, making of brass cups and plates, etc. The prime exports in the district are rice, oil seeds, timber and cotton. On the other hand the foremost imports in the district are fine rice, salt, piece goods, sugar, betel nuts, coconuts and hardware. In the year 2009-2010 (E) the Gross Domestic Product in the district was Rs. 5,60,465 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 4,14,715 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2004-2005. In the year 2007-2008 the Net Domestic Product in the district was Rs. 3,71,351 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 2,83,870 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 1999-2000. In the year 2007-2008 the Per Capita Income or NDDP, At factor cost in the district was Rs. 22,138 at Current Price and Rs. 16,923 at Constant Prices in the year 1999-2000.
The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 75.55% persons including 81.3% are males and 69.47 are females. The literates in the district is 9,95,319 out of which 5,50,219 are males and 4,45,100 are females. The illiterates in the district is 5,22,223 out of which 2,28,242 are males and 2,93,981 are females.
Pankaj Bora, an eminent Indian social worker, politician and a Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) elected from Assam was born on 6th March, 1946 at Guwahati in the Kamrup district. He is a member of the Indian National Congress.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. This district is equally divided by the river Brahmaputra into two equal portions and is easily navigable by river streamers throughout the year. The Kamakhya Temple and Hajo are the two most attractive pilgrimages in the district which draws many devotees every year. Madan Kamdev Temple is a mystery and an enigma that portrays the glorious history of the ancient Kamrup. Saraighat War Memorial Park, constructed in the district depicts the memories associated with the Battle of Saraighat which took place between Mughals and Ahoms under the command of the great Ahom "Senapati" Lachit Barphukan in the year 1671 A.D. Poa Macca, located at Hajo in the district is the tomb of peer Giasuddin Auliya. It believes that the spiritual enlightenment present in this place showers its blessings on everyone who comes to his door.