District Level Information of Sirohi (Rajasthan)
About Sirohi District (Rajasthan)

Historically, the name Sirohi had been derived by "Siranwa" hills on the Western Slope of which it stands. Colonel Tod in his book "Travels in Western India" has suggested that the names of the territory might have derived from its position at the head or ‘Sir’ of the desert or Rohi. Sirohi also named as "Sword". Because of existence of various temples and shrine, it is called Dev Nagri also. Since the time of Chaouhan Deora rulers, the region is famous to manufacture the double edged swords. In the year 1405, Rao Sobhaji set up the town of Shivpuri on the eastern slope of Siranwa Hill. But unfortunately today the entire Shivpuri lies in ruins. In 1425, his son and successor, Sehastramal (or Sahastramal, Sehastramal), constructed a fortress on the eastern slope of the same hill, which at that time became his capital and grew up into the present day’s Sirohi town.

The district has various famous personalities from various fields. Brahmananad Swami (1772-1832), a prominent saint and a disciple of the Swaminarayan Sampraday, was born at Khan Village in the Sirohi district in the year 1772. Prerak Mankad, an eminent Indian cricketer who generally plays for Saurashtra and made his first-class debut in the final of the 2015-16 Ranji Trophy, on 24th February, 2016 was born on March 23rd, 1994.

Geographically, the district lies at 24089'N latitude, 72086'E longitude and 321 m altitude. Abu Road is the biggest city and the main financial hub of Sirohi district. The district extends to a geographical area of 5,136 sq km. and on basis of geographical size it occupies 25th rank in the State and 213th rank in India. As per data recorded in the year 2019, the forest cover extends to 17.76% of the total geographical area of the district. The district is divided into two portions by the granite massif of Mount Abu running from north-east to south-west. The south and south-east part of the district is mountainous and rugged. It lies between Mount Abu and the main spine of the Aravallis. This part is drained by the West Banas River. The second portion of the district is drier which lies in west and north of Mount. The southwest corner of the district is drained by the Sukri River. The tributaries of Luni River drain the north western portion of the district. Abu Road is the biggest city and the main financial hub of Sirohi District. The climate of the district s extremely hot in the summer and fairly cold in the winters. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 412.1 mm in the year of 2018-19.

Administratively, the district is divided into 5 sub-districts are Sirohi, Sheoganj, Pindwara, Abu Road and Reodar. Moreover, it has 9 towns and 477 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi. In the state of Rajasthan with an allotted district code of 117 district of Sirohi came into existence on 1st November, 1956. Its district headquarters is located at Sirohi which is situated at a distance of 413 km. from the State Capital.

Demographically, according to 2011 census, the district is home to a total number of 2,02,260 households with a total population of 10,36,346 including 5,34,231 are males and 5,02,115 are females, causing it to rank 31st in the state and 437 in India. The population growth rate during the period 2001-2011 was 21.76% including 21.98% were males and 21.53% were females. The density of population of the district is 202 persons per sq km. The sex ratio is pegged at 940 (females per 1000 males) while the child ratio stands at 897 (females per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the percentage of major religions practiced by the people of this region is Hindu with 96.16% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 91.41%. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 29,306 out of which 15,809 were males and 13,497 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 6,351 out of which 4,322 were males and 2,029 were females.

Economically, the district is primarily based on agriculture. The Gross Domestic Product in the district during 2016-17 was Rs. 11,77,458 lakh at current price and Rs. 9,09,527 lakh at constant prices during 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during 2016-17 was Rs. 10,67,635 lakh at current price and Rs. 8,18,257 lakh at constant prices during 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, at factor cost during 2016-17 was Rs. 95,096 lakh at current price and Rs. 72,883 lakh at constant prices during 2011-2012. It is one of the districts receiving ‘Backward Region Grant Fund’. The mineral based industries are fully developed there which produce port land cement, synthetics yarn, high tension insulators, tirupati fibres, R.P.R.L. marble, granite etc.

The district has numerous educational institutes including schools and colleges. Sirohi district has Government College which is recognized by UGC and is affiliated to Mohan Lal Sukhadia University, Udaipur. It had only arts and commerce programmes when was established in 1957. Later, science classes were added. The college now provides undergraduate courses in all streams. It is housed in a heritage building which is situated on Palace road. The college also runs Distance Education centre of Indira Gandhi National Open University and Vardhaman Mahaveer Open University. There is another university in the district namely Madhav University, established in 2014. In the list of schools, St. Mary's High School is a famous private Catholic school, located in the oasis of Mount Abu. It is operated by the Irish Christian Brothers. Another school is Shri Vedic Kanya Senior Secondary School on Abu Road. It’s a girls' senior secondary school and is being managed by Arya Samaj. According to 2011 census, the literacy rate in the district is 55.25% including 69.98% are males and 39.73% are females.

During the year 2018, there were 3,193 foreign tourists and 40,20,708 domestic tourists who visited the historical and religious places of the district. The important tourist places of the region are Ajari, Mount Abu, Shri Tawari Teerth, Shri Zadoli Teerth, Sirohi Teerth, Vatera Teerth, Trevor's Tank, and Toad Rock. Mount Abu is a popular hill station in the Aravalli Range. It is situated in Sirohi district of Rajasthan. Guru Shikhar is the highest peak on the mountain.

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