Krishna, a district located in the coastal region of Andhra in Andhra Pradesh state with its administrative head quarters located at Machilipatnam. Earlier the district was called as Machilipatnam district but later it was changed to Krishna district. The district got its name from the third largest river flows in India Krishna and the Barrage built on the river at Vijayawada, the chief irrigation source in the district. The history of the district can be traced back to 2nd century BC. During different periods of time the region was ruled by different dynasties namely Satavahanas, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Cholas, Kakatiyas and Reddy dynasty. During the British period in 1611 the English made their settlement at Masulipatnam and used it as their head quarters until they shifted to Madras in 1641. The Dutch and French as well had settlements at Masulipatnam. Upon the death of the old Nizam-ul-Mulk in June 1748 his heirs strove for the succession with the support of the English and the French. When Nizam Ali Khan was proclaimed ruler of Golconda in the year 1761 the British secured at first the divisions of Masulipatnam, Nizampatnam and part of Kondaveedu and later the entire Circars. At the very beginning the district was administered by a chief and council at Masulipatnam but in the year 1794 Collectors, directly responsible to the Board of Revenue, were appointed at Masulipatnam.
Vempati Chinna Satyam, an eminent Indian dancer and a guru (teacher) of the Kuchipudi dance form was born on 15th October, 1929 at Kuchipudi in Krishna. Vedantam Lakshmi Narayana Sastry, a famous Kuchipudi dance teacher taught him the Kuchipudi dance form. As he learnt the nuances of this style of dance, he was successful in popularising the Kuchipudi dance across the world. He was also honoured by many great awards-Padma Bhushan in 1998 and Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship in 1967.
Geographically, the district lies at 16°17'N latitude, 81°13'E longitude and 1353 m. Altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 7.61% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses an area of 8,727 sq. km. and it is surrounded by West Godavari district on the east, Bay of Bengal on the south, Guntur and Nalgonda districts on the west and Khammam district on the north. The climate of the district is characterized as tropical climate. The natives of the district experience extremely hot summers and moderately hot winters. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1200.7 mm. in the year of 2021-22.
Administrative wise, the district is divided into 4 revenue divisions namely Vijayawada, Nuzvid, Machilipatnam and Gudivada. Moreover, it comprises 50 sub-districts, 17 towns and 968 villages. The administrative language in the district is Telugu.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 45,17,398 including 22,67,375 are males and 22,50,023 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 992 (females for every 1000 males). During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 7.87% out of which 7.08% were males and 8.67% were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 89.07% of the total population. The population density in the district is 518 persons per sq. km. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Telugu with 92.10%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 53,724 out of which 27,580 were males and 26,144 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 43,158 out of which 25,631 were males and 17,527 were females.
Agriculture is the backbone of its economy. Paddy is the chief agricultural crop in the district and due to the fertility of the soil; the district produces almost all crops. It is rich in crude oil and natural gas. Small deposits of Diamonds and Limestone are available here. Other different minerals found in the district are chromites, Iron Ore, Mica, etc. The industrial sector of the district also contributes a huge chunk of revenue in its economy. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product of the district was Rs. 1,36,87,500 lakh at current price and Rs. 92,96,400 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 1,24,92,700 lakh at current price and Rs. 83,55,900 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 2,63,934 at current price and Rs. 1,76,536 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district as a seat of higher education is well known across the country. Some reputed universities in the district includes NTR University of Health Sciences, Krishna University, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies and School of Planning and Architecture. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 73.74% including 78.3% are males and 69.18% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 30,09,718 including 15,98,959 are males and 14,10,759 are females.
Konakalla Narayana Rao, a distinguished Indian politician and the present Member of Parliament from the Machilipatnam constituency in Andhra Pradesh was born on 4th May, 1950 at Machilipatnam in the district. He is a member of the Telugu Desam Political Party. Earlier in the 2009 election also he was elected to the Lok Sabha from the same constituency. Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao popularly known as N.T. Rama Rao, the founder of Telegu Desam Political Party (29th March, 1982) and the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh was born on 28th May, 1923 at Nimmakuru in the district.
The district has various sets of tourist place which attracts travellers from different parts of the world. Gandhi hill memorial is the first Gandhi memorial with 7 stupas in the country was constructed on this hill at a height of 500 feet. Libraries, Planetarium, toy train, etc. are the other attractions of this place. Rajiv Gandhi park was made by Vijayawada Municipal Corporation has a mini zoo and water fountain. It is the best place for recreation. Mogalrajapuram Caves are situated in the centre of Vijayawada City. There is a belief that these caves are excavated in 5th century AD. The idols of Lord Nataraja, Vinayaka and Arthanareeswara are there in the caves. Kondapalli Fort of 7th century is a marvellous three storied rock tower in the district. Manginapudi Beach, near Machilipatnam is the mesmerising beach. The Panduranga Swamy Temple is the identity of the place and an illustrious pilgrim centre. Ghantasala, a town full of old Buddhist sculptures and the Buddhist museum is the centre of attraction of the place. Some of the renowned ancient temples in the district are Panduranga Swamy Temple, Sri Valli Devasena Subramanyeswara Temple, Yoga Nanda Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple, Kolletipeddamma Temple, etc.