Historically, the district of Bangalore Rural was established in the year 1986, when Bangalore district was divided into Bangalore Rural and Bangalore (Urban). It is named after Bangalore which is its head quarters. Most of the population of this district lives in the rural areas.
M. V. Rajamma, an eminent actress, producer and playback singer of South Indian languages films was born on 10th March, 1921 in the district. She also produced a film in the year 1943 named Radha Ramana.
Geographically, the district has a total 2,298 sq km. area and occupies the ranks 29th in the state and 466th in India on the basis of the territorial size. It lies at 13°20'N latitude, 77°70'E longitude and 875 m altitude. In the year 2019, the district had a total 7.08% forest area of total geographical area. It is bounded by Tumkur and Kolar districts on the North, districts of Mandya, Mysore and Tamil Nadu State on the South, Kolar district and Tamil Nadu state on the East and districts of Tumkur and Mandya on the West. The Arkavati, the Kanva and the Dakshina pinakini rivers pass through the district. The climate of the district remains pleasant almost throughout the year. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 947.7 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administrative wise, the district is divided into 4 sub-districts namely Kanakapura, Ramanagaram, Magadi and Channapatna. Moreover, it has 7 towns and 957 villages. Kannada is its official language. The district of Banglore Rural came into existence on the 15th August, 1986 in the state of Karnataka with its administrative headquarters located at Bangalore.
Demographically, according to the 2011 census, the district has a total number of 2,24,745 households with a total population of 9,90,923 comprising 5,09,172 are males and 4,81,751 are females. The density of population of the district is 431 (persons per sq km.). The sex ratio is pegged at 946 (females per 1000 males) while the child ratio stands at 950 (females per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the percentage of the religions practiced by the people of this region are Hindu and Muslim with 89.86% and 9.31%. The population growth rate during the period 2001 to 2011 was 16.45% including 16.39% were males and 16.51% were females. According to the 2011 census, the principal languages in the district are Kannada, Urdu and Telegu with 71.67%, 9.22% and 12.84%. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 9,931 out of which 5,123 were males and 4,808 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 7,201 out of which 4,387 were males and 2,814 were females.
Economically, agriculture is the major occupation of the people of the district. Weaving is also a main souse of income for the people here. The main crops of the district are rice, groundnut, sugarcane, castor, grapes, mulberry, etc. A number of infrastructural facilities such as transport and communications, banking, credit, and marketing are available here. Bricks, tiles, and stoneware are manufactured by the non-metallic mineral resources of the district. The soil and climatic conditions of the district support for the cultivation of mulberry, rearing of silkworms, and production of silk. The Gross Domestic Product in the district during the period 2016-17 was Rs. 18,57,185 lakh at current price and Rs. 14,50,263 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2016-17 was Rs. 16,80,982 lakh at current price and Rs. 12,99,226 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, at factor cost during the period 2016-17 was Rs. 1,59,693 at current price and Rs. 1,23,426 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
Education wise, the literacy rate in the district is 77.93% including 84.82% are males and 70.63% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 6,88,749 including 3,85,311 are males and 3,03,438 are females. The district has a number of primary, secondary and higher secondary schools as well as graduation schools. Citizens High School and Vivekananda High School are two main schools here. Citizens High School was established in 1989. It was founded by Ghouse Khan Mecca. It is a secondary school in Hoskote. Many alumni of this school have done very well in national and state level sports. Vivekananda High School is a secondary school in Sulebele Bangalore Rural District. The district has several International schools in Bangalore such as Bangalore International School, Canadian International School, Candor International School, Ebenezer International School and Gitanjali International School, etc. Music institutes are also available here for instance Indiranagar Sangeetha Sabha, Eastern Fare Music Foundation and Karnataka College of Percussion etc. The names of some other schools are Aarohi Life Education, Acharya Pathasala Public School, Goodwill's Girls School, Bangalore and St. Joseph's Boys' High School, Bangalore etc. A.P.S. College of Engineering and Government Film and Television Institute are also established in Bangalore which is its Headquarter.
C. Narayanaswamy, a renowned member of the Indian National Congress (INC) who served as the Chairman of Karnataka Food & Civil Supplies Corporation in 1985 and Working President of the Karnataka Panchayati Parishad in 2011 was born in the year 1948 at Bangalore. He also served as the President of Bangalore Rural Zilla Parishad (1987-92).
During the year 2016, there were 400 tourists from foreign and 8,76,650 domestic tourists who visited the district. The famous places of the region are Devanahalli Fort, Savana Durga, Channapatna Hamlet, Janapada Loka, Kaveri Fishing Camp, Manchina Bele (Magadi), Mekedaatu and Shivaganga.