West Tripura district is a district of the Tripura state with its administrative headquarters located at Agartala town. Earlier, during the period of British Raj the whole Tripura was a princely State. The first king of this place was Maharaja Ratna Fa on the other hand the last king was Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya. In May 1947, the death of Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya led to the formation of a council of regency under the leadership of his wife Maharani Kanchanpura Devi, who took over the charge of administration since the prince Kirit Bikram Kishore Manikya was minor at that time. The monarchy system of Tripura was totally come to an end on 9th September, 1947. At that time, the Chief Commissioner took Tripura as a Part-C state. On 1st November, 1956 Tripura was declared as a Union Territory. The formation of the Territorial Council was taken place in Tripura on 15th August, 1959. Finally, Tripura was emerged as a full-fledged state in January 1972. At the very initial stage in order to eradicate some of its regional problems, Tripura was divided into three districts on 1st September, Year 1970 namely North Tripura district, West Tripura district and South Tripura district.
Dipa Karmakar, an illustrious Indian artistic gymnast who represents India at the international circuit was born on 9th August, 1993 at Agartala in the district. She is the first Indian female gymnast who won a bronze medal in the 2014 Commonwealth Games, held at Glasgow. Sourabhee Debbarma, a brilliant contestant on the fourth series of Indian Idol, the signing reality show where she won and became the first female Indian Idol winner was born in the year 1985 at Agartala in the West Tripura district.
Geographically, the district lies at 23°85' N latitude and 91°44' E longitude. The altitude in the district is 116 m. In the year 2021, there was a total 66.88% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 2,993 sq km. and it bounded by Bangladesh on the North and West, Shipahijala district on the South, and Khowai district on the East. The principal rivers in the district are Hoara and Gomati. The climate of the district remains pleasant throughout the year. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1834.0 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into six sub-divisions namely Sadar, Belonia, Bishalgarh, Sonamura, Khowai and Teliamura. Moreover, it comprises 16 sub-districts, 21 towns and 287 villages. It also has West Tripura District has 9 blocks such as Mohanpur, Hezamara, Lefunga, Bamutia, Old Agartala, Jirania, Mandwi, Belbari and Dukli. West Tripura district is located under the 2 Lok Sabha constituencies likewise Tripura West (shared with South Tripura district) and Tripura East (shared with South Tripura, Dhalai and North Tripura districts). The administrative language in the district is Bengali and Kokborok.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 17,25,739 out of which 8,79,428 are males and 8,46,311 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 962 (females for every 1000 males) and child ratio of 952 (females per 1000 males). During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 12.57% out of which 11.95% are males and 13.23% are females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 87.66% of the total population. The population density in the district is 577 (persons per sq. km.). As per 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Bengali and Tripuri with 70.70% and 23.41%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 19,361 out of which 9,914 were males and 9,446 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 10,695 out of which 6,572 were males and 4,123 were females.
The economy of the district is mainly based on both the agricultural and industrial sectors. Some of its population are engaged in agricultural activities in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are tea, rubber, bamboo, etc. Industrially, also the district is quite well developed. The prominent industries in the district are Sify, TATA, DS Groups, Giria Rubbers, Webstar Technology, Gitanjali Jewellers, etc. There are also some significant public sector industries in the district likewise ONGC, GAIL, BSNL, North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Ltd, Tripura State Electricity Corporation Ltd, etc. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from these industries in the district helps in its economy to a great extent.
The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its most recognised educational institutions are Agartala Government Medical College, Tripura Institute of Technology, Holy Cross College, Tripura University, ICFAI University, IGNOU, MBB College, Bir Bikram Memorial College, etc. As per 2011 census the district has a literacy rate of 88.69% out of which 92.5% are males and 84.75% are females. The total literate population in the district is 13,61,354 including 7,22,998 are males and 6,38,356 are females. The total illiterate population in the district is 3,64,385 including 1,56,430 are males and 2,07,955 are females.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Ujjayanta Palace, a two storied mansion stands in the Capital city of Agartala is covering an area of one sq. km. During the period of 1899-190, it was built by Maharaja Radha Kishore Manikya. Its outstanding tiles floor, curved wooden ceiling and beautifully decorated doors are particularly very impressive. Kunjaban Palace, a marvellous hillock constructed by Maharaja Birendra Kishore Manikya Bahadur as a palace of his country for private retreat which at present serves as the Raj Bahavan i.e. the official residence of the Tripura Governor. Fourteen Goddess Temple, located at a place called Old Agartala almost 14 km. away from Agartala. Pilgrims from far off places come to this temple in order to offer their prayers. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Malancha Niwas, Government Museum, Durgabarri coperative Tea Estate, Sukanta Academy, Jagannath Temple, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Nagicherra Rubber Wood Processing Centre, Nehru Park, Rose Valley Aqua Park and many more.