Dang district is a district of Gujarat state with its administrative headquarters located at Ahwa town. In the ancient Indian Scriptures Dang is popularly known as Dand Aranyaka, meaning Bamboo Forest. There are five kingdoms in the Dangs namely Daher, Linga, Gadvi, Vasurna and Pimpri. The five tribal kings of Dang were involved in several wars with the British before India got its independence. The war of Lashkaria Amba is the biggest war in Dang according to the history of Dang. It was the war in which all the five kings joined their hands in order to protect the place Dang from the British rule. The courage of the kings compelled the British to go back and also agreed to a compromise. In the year 1842 a treaty was signed by both the parties and according to that treaty the British had to pay around 3,000 silver coins to the five kings if they want to use the forests and the natural products of it. After independence also the kings of the place receive an amount from the Government of India as a monthly political pension but the pension of the kings was stopped in the year 1970 because of an important agreement signed by both the then monarch of Dangs and the British.
Geographically, the district lies at 20°78'N latitude, 73°75'E longitude and 1000 m Altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 76.67% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 1,766 sq km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 26th in the state and 519th in India. It is bounded by Tapi district on the north, Maharashtra on the south and east and Navsari district on the west. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1806.1 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 tehsils namely Waghai, Ahwa and Subir. Moreover, the district comprises 3 towns and 308 villages. The administrative language in the district is Gujarati.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 2,28,291 out of which 1,13,821 are males and 1,14,470 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every1000 males. In the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 22.26% including 21.12% were males and 23.41% were females. The population density in the district is 129 (persons per sq. km.). In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 6,044 out of which 3,088 were males and 2,956 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 1,826 out of which 1,042 were males and 784 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 89.16% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Khandeshi and Gujarati with 59.59% and 32.55%.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the Dang district. Most of the population in the district are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are rice, maize, groundnut, wheat, black gram, different types of pulses, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from these agricultural products helps in its economy to a great extent. The district is scantily industrialised but it has more or less hundred small scale industries. Animal husbandry and bamboo cutting are the other profit earning activities in the place. In the year 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Dang district as one of the country’s 250 most economically distressed district out of a total of 640 districts and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The district is an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. The Anganwadi is the primary service centres for integrated child development which are mostly present in the villages of the district. There is a Government Arts & Commerce College, located at the headquarters town Ahwa. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 75.16% including 83.06% are males and 67.38% are females.
The district has numerous centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Saputara Hill Station popularly known as 'abode of serpents' is famous for its vast variety of fauna and flora. Visitors also come to this place for the lush green forests of Saputara. The Saputara Museum is also known as the Saputara Tribal Museum has a great collection of articles and artefacts utilized by the regional tribes of this place, which depicts their civilisation and lifestyles. Hatgadh Fort, built by Chhatrapati Shivaji, the Maratha leader is situated 60 km. away from Saputara, particularly along the border of Maharashtra and Gujarat. Gira Falls, located at a distance of 3 km. from Waghai provides an ultimate peace to the eyes and mind of its visitors. Some other places of interest in the district are Purna Wildlife Sanctuary, Girmal Falls, Vansda National Park, Shabari Dham, etc.