Narmada district is a district of Gujarat state with its administrative headquarters located at Rajpipla town. This district was emerged as a separate district in the map of Gujarat state on 2nd October, 1997. At the very beginning, the district comprised Tilakwada taluka of earlier Vadodara district and Nandod taluka, Dediyapada taluka and Sagbara taluka of earlier Bharuch district.
Geographically, the district lies at 21075'N latitude, 73070'E longitude and 1057 m Altitude. In the year 2019, there was a total 33.65% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 2,817 sq km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 22nd in the state and 409th in India. It is bounded by Vadodara district on the north, Maharashtra state on the east, Tapi district on the south and Bharuch district on the west. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 684.7 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 5 talukas namely Nandod, Sagbara, Dediyapada, Tilakwada and Garudeshwar. moreover, the district comprises 5 towns and 609 villages.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 5,90,297 out of which 3,01,086 are males and 2,89,211 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 961 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 14.75% including 14.05% were males and 15.49% were females. The population density in the district is 210 persons per sq. km. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 11,055 including 5,646 were males and 5,409 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district is 4,521 including 2,666 were males and 1,855 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 94.84% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Bhili/Bhilodi and Gujarati with 16.70% and 68.50%.
The economy of the district is solely based on agriculture. Most of the population in the district are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are maize, sugarcane, cotton, cane, grams, plantain, sesame, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Though the district is scantily industrialized yet it has some industries of textiles, sugar, chemicals, agro industries, etc. There are also some small scale industries of paper, wood products and food products in the district which helps in its economy to a great extent. In the year 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Narmanda as one of the country's 250 most backward districts and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The district is an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Government Arts College, Shri Ratnasinhji Mahida Commerce College, Shri Maharaja Rajendrasinhji Arts Science College, Faculty of Technology DDU, M.D. Kahor Arts and Commerce College, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 72.31% including 81.19% are males and 63.09% are females.
Mansukhbhai Dhanjibhai Vasava, an eminent Indian Politician and the present Union Minister of State for Tribal Affairs in Government of India under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi was born on 1st June, 1957 in the Narmada district. For the first time he was elected to the 12st Lok Sabha of India. He is a member of Bharatiya Janata Party.
The district has numerous centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. The district is a great destination for pilgrims since it is full of pious places. The holy rivers of the district are Saraswati River, Orsang and Narmada River. Devotees from the far distance place come to the district to take a dip in the scared waters of these rivers. Some prominent ancient temples in the district are Surpaneshwar Shiva temple, Kashivishwanath Mahadev temple, Kabir temple, Shuklatirth Shiva temple and Nareshwar temple. Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary and Ratanmahal Wildlife Sanctuary, located in Dediapada Range are the most exciting spots for wildlife lovers. Rajwant Palace, built in the period of 1910 is a heritage hotel and a royal museum at present. Sardar Sarovar Dam, situated at a distance of 27 km. from Rajpipla is famous as the largest dam on Narmada River which height is 128 metres.