Wokha district is a district of Nagaland state with its administrative headquarters located at Wokha town. Its headquarter town is the third largest town in Nagaland. The name of the district is derived from a word of the Lotha language i.e. Wokha. The Wokha town is the district headquarters of Lotha Nagas and they generally call themselves Kyong. Wokha town, the headquarters town is located just below the famous Naga Mountain peak of Mount Tiyi. Wokha is a place full of beautiful mountain ranges and rivers. It is also popular for their exciting dances and folk songs. In 1876 the British Government captured Wokha and declared as the district headquarters of the Naga Hills under Assam. But by the year 1878 the headquarters was transferred to Kohima and at that time Wokha remained as a subdivision. Then in 1889 the Wokha subdivision was shifted to Mokokchung. Finally, Wokha was emerged as a separate district in the map of the Nagaland state in the year 1976.
Geographically, the district lies at 26°09' N latitude and 94°26' E longitude. The altitude in the district is 1968 m. In the year 2021, there was a total 80.96% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 1,628 sq km and it is bounded by Mokokchung district on the North, Kohima district on the South, Zunheboto district on the East and Assam on the West. The principal rivers in the district are Doyang, Chubi and Nzhu. The entire district is divided into three ranges name Wokha Range or Upper Range, Sanis Range or Middle Range, Bhandari Range or Lower Range. The climate of the district can be characterised as warm temperate climate. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1581.3 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district has 13 administrative centres namely Wokha, Bhandari, Ralan, Sanis, Merapani, Chukitong, Lotsu, Wozhuro, Changpang, Altepyong, Sungro, Baghty and Englan. Moreover, it comprises 1 town and 153 villages. The administrative language in the district is English.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 1,66,343 out of which 84,505 are males and 81,838 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 968 (females for every 1000 males) and child ratio of 956 (females per 1000 males). During the 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 3.18% including 1.00% was male and 5.53% were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Christian with 95.13% of the total population. The population density in the district is 102 (persons per sq. km.). As per 2011 census the principal language in the district is Lotha with 90.48%. The major schedule tribe population in the district are Naga and Lotha with 97.61% and 93.9%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 911 out of which 430 were males and 481 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 64 out of which 53 were males and 11 were females.
The economy of the district is mainly dependent on agricultural sector. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are paddy, maize, wheat, millets, oranges, plum, banana, etc. Since the farmers of present days are applying some new agricultural technologies hence the production level of their agricultural crops also increases. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the agricultural products in the district helps in its economy to a great extent. The district is scantily industrialised because it has a few small scale industries of weaving, poultry, carpentry, handicrafts, cane, bamboo works which also contribute in its economy remarkably. In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Wokha as one of the country's 250 most backward districts and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 87.69% out of which 90.81% are males and 84.48% are females. The literate population in the district is 1,28,208 including 67,385 are males and 60,823 are females. The illiterate population in the district is 38,135 including 17,120 are males and 21,015 are females.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. There are three main villages in the district namely, Longsa, Wokha and Vakhosung. Wokha, a place full of mesmerising natural sceneries is located on the main route from Kohima to Mokokchung. It was one of the earliest locations of the Assam Rifles. It has a tourist lodge constructed by the Government of Nagaland. The annual Amur falcon migration passes Doyang Dam. It is the spot of the North East India where the oldest cricket tournament, The Winter Cricket Challenge was held. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Etsuchukha, Vankhosung, Doyang Hydro Project, Liphanyan Governor’s Camp and many more.