Historically, the district has many historical monuments related to Raja Avantivarman & Lalta Ditya religious shrines. It is also known as "Anand of Kashmir". Pampore or Pampur, the city of the district, is famous as "Saffron Town of Kashmir". It is also known as the ‘Rice Bowl of India’. Pulwama as a separate district came into existence in the year 1979 by separation of tehsils-Pulwama, Shopian and Tral of Anantnag district. The district is notable for its unique archaeological monuments mainly for those left by Raja Avantivarman and Lalta Ditya. Some religious shrines are also available here like Khan-Kahi Faiz Panah of Shah Hamdan(R.A) at Tral and temple of Jawala Mukhi at Khrew. Mughal Road, the famous Shahrah is also a communication path of the district with other parts of the country.
Geographically, the district has 1,086 sq km. area and occupies the rank 17th in State and 576th in India on the bases of this size. It lies at 33087'N latitude, 74089'E longitude and 1829 m altitude. In the year 2019, there was a total 41.76% forest area of total geographical area. It is bounded by Srinagar in the North, Budgam and Poonch Districts in the west and Anantnag Districts in the South and East. The climate of the district remains pleasant almost throughout the year. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 598.6 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 4 sub-districts namely Awantipora, Pampore, Pulwama and Tral. Moreover, this district also has 5 towns and 319 villages. Urdu is its official language. The district came into existence in 1979 with its administrative headquarters located at Pulwama which is situated at a distance of 30 km. away from the state capital.
Demographically, according to the 2011 census, the district has a total number of 81,241 households with the total population of 5,60,440 out of which 2,93,064 are males and 2,67,376 are females which is leading it to the rank 9th in the state and 537th in India. The population density of the district is 516 (persons as per sq km.). The district has a sex ratio of 912 (females as per 1000 males) and child ratio of 829 (females as per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the major religion in the region is Muslim with 95.49% of its total population. According to the 2011 census, the principal language in the district is Kashmiri with 91.30%. The population growth rate during the period 2001-2011 was 27.00% including 29.00% were males and 24.89% were females. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 5,050 out of which 2,284 were males and 2,766 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 1,594 out of which 1,010 were males and 584 were females.
Economically, the district is dependent on the agriculture primarily. Small scale industries are also available here. Tourism is another source of income for the people of the district. The largest Cement Plant of the state namely J&K Cements Ltd is situated in the district. It is also one of the largest milk producing districts in Jammu and Kashmir and for the very reason it is called "Anand of Kashmir" or "Dudha-Kul of Kashmir". Paddy, oil seeds, fodder, and saffron are the chief agricultural products here. Apple, almonds, walnut and cherry are basically grown in a huge quantity in the place. The Gross Domestic Product in the district during the period 2005-06 was Rs. 1,66,461 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 1,27,861 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 1999-2000. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2003-04 was Rs. 16,396 at Current Price and Rs. 9,776 at Constant Prices in the year 1993-1994.
According to 2011 census, literacy rate in the district is 63.48% with 74.36% are males and 51.8% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 2,93,958 including 1,78,326 are males and 1,15,632 are females. The name of the main educational institutes are Govt Central High School, Good Shepherd Mission School, Morning Star Public High School, Govt Boys M.M. Higher Secondary Institute, Govt Girls Higher Secondary Institute , Govt Women College, Govt High School, Govt Girls Middle School, M.M.E.T High School, Zikra Educational Institute, Modern Public School, Govt Degree College, National Institute of Education and Training (NIET), Lyceum International School, Dolphin International School, Holy Mission Secondary School kids kingdom public school Rahmoo, king son English medium school, Islamic model institute and Holy blossom public high school.
Ghulam Hassan Pinglana was an Indian politician. In the year 1980, he served as the District President of the Jammu and Kashmir Pradesh Congress Committee (JKPCC). He became a Member of the Legislative Council (MLC) and a parliamentarian in the Indian National Congress. He served as a Member of the Legislative Council (MLC) and as a parliamentarian in the Indian National Congress. He held the post of one of the board of directors of Jammu and Kashmir Khadi and village Industries & Jammu and Kashmir Land Development Bank and the post of chairman of Khadi sang. In 1989, he was appointed as a member of Indian good will mission to Saudi Arabia. Syed Bashir Ahmad is a Kashmiri politician and is associated with various social organizations. He is known for his works for the social upliftment of people of the rural areas and of weaker sections. He is the representative of Rajpora Constituency in the Legislative Assembly. He also served as the Chairman of Petitions Committee of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly.
The district has many famous historical and religious tourist places to visit. These places are Nagberan, Shikargah, Tarsar and Marsar, Aripal Nagh, The Avantishwar Temple, The Payer Temple, The Shrine of Shah Hamdan, The Shrine of Syed Hassan Mantaqui. Swami Batuknath temple is located in the village Tahab. There is also a spring in the village namely Vatuk Nag. It is also called Vatuksar Nag. There are a temple, a spring and two Dharamshalas in Jagarnathjee Bhairav. It has Shiv Linga in the temple. There is also an idol of Jagarnath Bhairav in the spring. Mangleshwar Bhairav Shrine is consisting of a stone lined circular spring, four mighty Chinar trees and a Bran tree which are worshipped here. Spring is called Mong-Nag. The place also has a Dharamshala. Herbal Waterfall is originated by river Vishav. The fall has a height of 24.4 m. Kungwattan is a charming and enchanting meadow. Nagberan is famous for its scenic beauty. Shikargah belongs to the period of Maharaja Hari Singh. He used to visit here for wild life watching. It is well developed. The Shrine of Syed Hassan Mantaqui is a famous religious place here. Jama Masjid Shopian is a mosque of the Mughal period. There are the shrines of Syed Hussan Mantaqui, Mir Mohammed Hamdani and Namat Ullah Shog Baba Sahab.