Historically, the district Ramban lies in Pir Panjal range of Himalaya. Once, it was the part of the Doda district. It became a separate district in the year of 2007. In “The Gazetteer of Kashmir” by C.E. Bats, it is mentioned that prior to the emergence of the Jammu and Kashmir state in the year 1846, there was a small village comprising 15 houses on the right bank of the Chenab river also popularly known as Nashband (later 'Ramban'). After sometime Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu was appointed as the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir state, then he took the Jammu-Udhampur-Banihal route to reach Srinagar by time for the movement of the royal carvans. In this entire process, the place of Ramban achieved the status of halting station for the royal Carvans. Later the Dogras built a beautiful building near to the present Ramban region and a wooden bridge too for the easy crossing of the Chenab River. Whereas Sukhdev Singh Chadak in his book ‘Maharaja Ranbir Singh’ writes that Maharaja declared an order for a cart road from Jammu to Srinagar via Banihal and a bridge over the Chenab River at Ramban. With the passage of time this road became the national highway and at present it is converted into four lanes.
Geographically, the district has 1,288 sq km. area and occupies the rank 14th in State and 580th in India on the bases of this size. It lies at 33°24'N latitude 75°24'E longitude and 1156 m altitude. In the year of 2021, there was a total 51.34% forest area of total geographical area. River Chenab runs along the district and also known as 'Chandrabhaga' river. The district has the longest Railway Tunnel namely Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel. Reasi, Udhampur, Doda, Anantnag and Kulgam share the boundaries with the district. The climate of the district remains pleasant almost throughout the year. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1286.6 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 2 sub-districts namely Ramban and Banihal. Moreover, it has 3 towns and 127 villages. Urdu is its official language. The district came into existence in the year 2007 with its allotted district code 17. Ramban is the administrative head quarters of the district which is located at the distance of 146 kms. from the capital of the state.
Demographically, according to the 2011 census, the district has a total number of 54,206 households with the total population of 2,83,713 comprising of 1,49,132 are males and 1,34,581 are females which is leading it to the rank 18th in the state and 572nd in India. The population density of the district is 213 (persons as per sq km.). The district has a sex ratio of 902 (females as per 1000 males) and child ratio of 925 (females as per 1000 males). According to the 2011 census, the principal languages in the district are Kashmiri with 57.84% and Hindi with 24.67%. As per 2011 census the major religions in the district are Muslim with 70.68% and Hindu with 28.56% of the total population. The population growth rate in the district during the period 2001-2011 was 56.89% including 55.48% were males and 58.49% were females. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 6,512 out of which 3,487 were males and 3,025 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 1,356 out of which 869 were males and 487 were females.
Economically, the district has several small scale industries. Tourism is also a source of income for the people of the district. It has a major hydroelectric project namely Baglihar Dam. It is a backward district.
According to 2011 census, the literacy rate of the district is 54.27% including 68.82% are males and 38.04% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 1,24,065 comprising 82,938 are males and 41,127 are females. There a several educational institutes including schools and colleges.
Bali Bhagat is an Indian politician in Jammu and Kashmir from the Bhartiya Janta Party. He is a representative of Raipur-Domana constituency in the legislative assembly. He is serving as the Minister of Government of Jammu and Kashmir. In 1996, he became the member of the Ramban assembly constituency from the Doda district.
Patnitop is a hill station and a beautiful tourist place. The name of the place was originated from Patan Da Talab meaning "Pond of the Princess". There was a pond in ancient time which was used king’s princess for her bath. In winter, a number of snow games are organized here such as skiing. The pace is famous for its natural beauty and snowfall. Gajpat Fort, located on the top of mountain is an important fort in this place. Historians believe that earlier Sheikh Abdullah was kept imprisoned in this fort for some days. Moreover in the year 1825, Gulab Singh had also imprisoned Raja Sultan Khan of Bimbar in this fort. Then after sometime Sultan Khan died in the fort and later buried at Chanderkote. In the year 1858 Mean Hathu Singh, the Governor of Rajouri and a closed relatives of Maharaja had revolted against the State Government and they tried as well to murder Maharaja Ranbir Singh. As a result Mean Hathu was arrested and after that transferred to the Gajpat fort.