Historically, Udhampur is called the ‘Land of Natural Water’. Hundred of water springs are available here. It is the headquarters of the Northern Command of the Indian Army. Now, the area is famous for military activities.
Jitendra Udhampuri, a prominent writer who wrote many literatures in Dogri, Hindi and Urdu languages has received the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1981. The Government of India honored him with the prestigious Padam Shri Award in 2010.
Geographically, the district covers total geographical area of 2,637 sq km. and on basis of this size ranks 6th in the State and 423rd in India As per data recorded in the year 2019, the forest cover extends to 60.26% of the total geographical area of the district. It lies at 32093'N latitude, 75013'E longitude and 660 m altitude. It is bounded by Reasi district and Ramban district in the North, Kathua district in the South, Doda district in the East and Jammu district and Samba district in West. Chenab, Ans, Tawi, Ujh are the major rivers of the district. The climate of the district can be characterized as sub tropical climate. It remains pleasant almost throughout the year. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1237.3 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administrative wise, the district is divided into 4 sub-districts, 6 towns and 325 villages. In the state of Jammu and Kashmir with an allotted district code of 19 the district of Udhampur came into existence. Its district headquarters is located at Udhampur which is situated at a distance of 231 kms from the state capital. Urdu is the administrative language of the district.
Demographically, according to 2011 census, the district is home to a total number of 93,562 households with 5,54,985 including 2,96,784 are males and 2,58,201 are females which leads it to the rank 10th in the state and 538th in India. The density of population of the district is 210 persons per square km. The sex ratio of the district is pegged at 870 (females per 1000 males) while the child ratio stands at 886 (females per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the percentage of various religions practiced by the people of this district is Hindu with 88.12% and Muslim with 10.77%. The population growth rate in the district during the period 2001-2011 was 16.82% out of which 15.45% were males and 18.44% were females. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Dogri and Hindi with 81.36% and 13.58%. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 11,613 out of which 6,229 were males and 5,384 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 1,542 out of which 836 were males and 706 were females.
Economically, the district has several small scale industries. Tourism is also a source of income for the people here. Maize, wheat, paddy, mustard, sorghum, black gram, Bengal gram, lentil, groundnut, vegetables, oats are the main agricultural products of the region. The district is rich with natural resources such as coal, bauxite, gypsum, and limestone. The Gross Domestic Product in the district during the year 2005-06 was Rs. 1,83,218 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 1,40,301 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 1999-2000. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the year 2003-04 was Rs. 14,644 at Current Price and Rs. 8,266 at Constant Prices in the year 1993-1994.
The total literate population of the district is 1,50,542 including 93,937 are males and 56,605 are females. According to the 2011 census, the literacy rate in the district is 58.15% with 68.38% are males and 46.59% are females. Sharon Public Hr. Sec. School and Happy Model Foundation, Udhampur are famous public school of this area. Brahmrishi Bawra Shanti Vidya Peeth is also a well known private school here. Kalra Educational Trust is a non political organization. It was established in the year 1964 by Sh. S.P. Kalra, a renowned educationist. Nehru Memorial Academy and Kalra College are running under this trust.
The district has many famous tourist places to visit. The names of these places are Devika River, Group of Temples Krimachi, Ramnagar Fort, Sudh-Mahadev and Mantalai Temple, Pingla Mata, Moungri Cave Shrines, Shankri Devta Panchari, Vaishno Devi (also called as Mata Rani) and many more. This temple is dedicated the Goddess. It is situated on the Trikuta Mountains. Udham pur is also known for Devika River that is famous as the youngest sister of the River Ganges. Krimachi is a small village in the district. A number of temples are located in this place. Ramnagar is located on the left bank of the Kud River. It is known for Shish Mahal, Purana Mahal and Nawa Mahal. Pingla Mata lies at a small hillock in village Pinger. There is a small cave with the divine power in the shape of Pindis. The place has scenic beauty. Earlier, the village Moungri was called Sonara meaning a land of hundred water springs. The meaning of Naaras is water spring in the Dogri language. Tourists can enjoy the water springs here.