Rewa district is a district of Madhya Pradesh with its administrative headquarters located at Rewa city. The district got its name from its headquarters town i.e. Rewa. Moreover, another name of Narmada River is Rewa. In the 3rd century BC, the area enclosed by the present district was under the rule of imperial Maurya dynasty. Then from the 9th to the end of the 12th century, the place was ruled by the Kalachuris. In the 13th century, a brother of Sultan Alauddin named Ulugh Khan threw out the Baghela king from the eastern part of the area and there he established the Princely State of Rewa. After the promulgation of the Provinces and states order, the current Rewa district along with its boundaries came into existence in the year 1950. But before August 1947 the district combining with the Raghurajnagar tehsil of the earlier Rewa state was just similar to the north Rewa district of that state. The district is famous for the white tiger since in India the first white tiger was founded on Rewa. Once upon a time when Rewa King was hunting in the jungle then he found a white colour tiger and named the tiger as Mohan. The first white tiger safari or zoo was established by the Central Zoo Authority of India in Mukundpur.
Geographically, the district lies at 24°53'N latitude, 81°30'E longitude and 304 m Altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 12.69% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 6,314 sq km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 22nd in the state and 164th in India. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh on the North, Shahdol district on the South, Sidhi district on the East and South East and Satna district on the West. The climate of the district remains extremely hot during the summer and fairly cold during the winter. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1184.9 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 10 tehsils namely Mangava, Naigarhi, Sirmaur, Jawa, Teonthar, Hanumana, Hujur, Raipur Karchulian, Mauganj and Semariya. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 8 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 11 sub-districts, 13 towns and 2,719 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 23,65,106 including 12,25,100 are males and 11,40,006 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 931 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 19.86% out of which 20.50% were males and 19.17% were females. The population density in the district is 375 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 49,139 out of which 26,650 were males and 22,489 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 14,782 out of which 7,880 were males and 6,902 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 95.93% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 99.56%.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. The chief agricultural products in the district are paddy, maize, millet, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the famers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. In terms of mineral resources, the district is rich in it. The Rewa district has a belt of limestone and coal is also found in its nearby districts such as Shahdol, Umaria, Sidhi and Singrauli. Due to the availability of limestone some cement factories are set up in some of its nearby places. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from these factories helps in its economy to a great extent. In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Rewa as one of the country's 250 most backward districts and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). In the year 2019-20 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 24,87,214 lakhs at current price and Rs. 14,55,021 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 22,91,819 lakh at current price and Rs. 13,04,404 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 84,895 at current price and Rs. 48,319 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
Rewa is an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Awadhesh Pratap Singh University, SIT College & Group of Institutions, Govt. T.R.S College, Rewa Engineering College, Shyam Shah Medical College, Jaypee Polytechnic and Training Centre, Jawaharlal Nehru college of Technology, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 71.62% including 81.43% are males and 61.16% are females.
Deoraj Singh Patel, an eminent Indian politician and a member of 15th Lok Sabha from the Rewa constituency was born on 30th December, 1968 at Sumedha village in the Rewa district. He is a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. The nearby areas of the district have the Bansagar Dam, some waterfalls and a giant statue of Lord Shiva popularly known as the statue of "Bhairon Baba". Chitrakoot, a place located at a distance of 52 km. from the district has the most renowned tourist destinations of the district such as Maihar and Ranipur Sanctuary. The beautiful waterfalls in the Rewa district are Keoti waterfalls, Chechai waterfalls, Bahuti waterfalls, Purba waterfalls, Belauhi waterfalls, etc. Some other notable places of interest in the district include Rewa Fort and Museum, Shilpi Plaza, Awadhesh Pratap Singh University Stadium, Venkat Bhawan, Shiva Temple, Rani Talab Temple, etc.