Shajapur district, a part of Ujjain division is a district of Madhya Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Shajapur town. This district got its name from its headquarters town i.e. Shajapur. The place of Shajapur was came into the limelight during the period of Mughal emperor, Shahjahan. Once the army of Shahjahan decided to take a halt here because this area was full of mesmerizing natural beauty. At that time the place was well known as "Khankarakhedi". Shahjahan declared this place as an significant part for his Southern campaign. In the year 1640 Meer Bigo was appointed as the Koutwal of this place. Then he with the help of Shri Jagannath Rawal consructed four strong walls in all its four directions. Slowly and gradually the region was started to flourish in all the sectors. Finally the place was named Shahjahanpur in the respect of the Mughal emperor, Shahjahan, and with the passage of time, its name was shortened to “Shajapur”. The erstwhile Shahajahanpur was comprised of twelve major areas namely Magriya, Mahupura, Dansi, Muradpura, Vajeerpura, Kamreedpura, Lalpura, Dayra, Mugalpura, Golyakhedi, Juganbadi and Meerkala. Moreover, a number of marvellous historical monuments of this place including the Jama Masjid was built during the reign of Shahjahan (1628-1658). In the 18th century, the Maratha leader Sindhia, founder of the Gwalior state overpowered the Shajapur town and the town was under the Gwalior state until Indian independence in 1947. After Independence, Shajapur and its district came under the Madhya Bharat state but later on 1st November, 1956 Madhya Bharat state was merged into Madhya Pradesh.
Geographically, the district lies at 23°43'N latitude, 76°27'E longitude and 450 m Altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 1.00% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 6,195 sq Km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 24th in the state and 170th in India. It is bounded by Jhalawar district of Rajasthan on the North, Dewas district and Sehore district on the South, Rajgarh district on the East and Ujjain district on the West. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1206.3 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 9 tehsils namely Agar, Badod, Gulana, Kalapipal, Moman Badodiya, Nalkheda, Shajapur, Shujalpur and Susner. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 5 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 13 towns and 1,107 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 15,12,681 including 7,80,520 are males and 7,32,161 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 938 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 17.20% out of which 16.52% were males and 17.93% were females. The population density in the district is 244 persons per sq. Km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 18,601 out of which 9,688 were males and 8,913 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 6,067 out of which 3,675 were males and 2,392 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 87.33% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 99.90%.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. Most of the lands in the district are use for agricultural purposes. The chief agricultural products in the districts are wheat, jowar, maize, gram, rice, bajra, soybean, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the famers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. The district is scantily industrialised but it has some industries of pipe and mining. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from these industries helps in its economy to a great extent. In the year 2019-20 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 23,49,700 lakhs at current price and Rs. 14,42,277 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 21,75,977 lakh at current price and Rs. 13,00,914 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 1,26,026 at current price and Rs. 75,345 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Mahatma Gandhi Convent School, Saraswti Shishu/Vidhya Mandir, Bal Krishna Sharma Naveen (BKSN) College, Dayanand Saraswati Mahavidhalaya, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district are 69.09% including 81.47% are males and 55.93% are females.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. The Raj-Rajeshwari temple, a notable Shakti temple located in the Shajapur town has the idols constructed in 10th century A.D during the age of Parmars. It was built by Raja Bhoj. Mangal Nath Temple is also situated at the nearby place of the Raj-Rajeshwari temple. According to the natives of the district the Karedi Mata temple, situated in the bounderies of Ujjain-Shajapur District was built by Karan, one of the hero of the great epic Mahabharata. Mahakaleswar temple, situated at sundersi in the district is an ancient temple with historical importance. There is an old fort, located near the bank of the Chiler River was constructed by the Mughal Emperor. Some other prominent places of interest in the district are Baba ka Mandir , Pandu Kho, Bapu Ki Kutia, Muradpura temple, Mankamneshwar Mahadev temple, Baba Baijnath temple, Mata Baglamukhi temple, Nityanand Ashram, etc.