Mansa district is a district of Punjab state with its administrative headquarters located at Mansa town. Earlier, it was a part of the Phulkia Sikh Dynasty from 1722 till 1948. There is an interesting story associated with the district. Natives believe that Bhai Gurdas, from Dhingar in the Mansa district founded the place Mansa. Moreover, at this place he got married to a girl belonged to the Dhaliwal Jat Sikh. One day he came to his in-law’s house and asked them for his wife, whom he wanted to take along with him. But his in-laws refused to send her back with him which caused him to sit in meditation before the house of his in-laws. Finally, they realised their mistake and agreed to send their daughter with him. But at that time he refused to take her back with him and declared that he had renounced all the worldly pleasure. With the passage of time the Smadh of Bhai Gurdas was created in his memory and every year a big fair is held in this place in the months of March and April. The district was carved out from the erstwhile Bathinda district and emerged as a separate district in the year 1995.
Geographically, the district lies at 29°98' N latitude, 75°38' E longitude and 218 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 0.45% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 2,198 sq km. and it is bounded by Bathinda district on the North West, Sirsa district of Haryana on the South and Sangrur district on the East. The climate of the district is extremely hot and dry in the summer. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 266.6 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 tehsils namely Mansa, Budhlada and Sardulgarh. Moreover, it comprises 5 towns and 238 villages. The administrative language in the district is Punjabi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 7,69,751 out of which 4,08,732 are males and 3,61,019 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 883 (females for every 1000 males). In the year 2001-2011 the gross domestic product in the district was 11.76% including 11.54% are males and 12.01% are females. The population density in the district is 350 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 9,156 out of which 4,743 were males and 4,413 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 5,750 out of which 3,552 were males and 2,198 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Sikh and Hindu with 77.75% and 20.34% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Punjabi with 96.53%.
The economy of the district is mainly dependent on agriculture. The place Mansa is located in the cotton belt of Punjab state. Therefore, one can see the pure white bloom of cotton in the whole region in the months of November and December. Mansa is famous for its cotton production and for this very reason it is popularly known as "Area of white gold". In terms of industries, Mansa District is scantly industrialised yet it has some trade and industry in its urban areas. Mansa is fortunate enough to have the largest Thermal Power Plant of Punjab which has a capacity to produce 1980MW of electricity. In the year 2019-20 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 12,67,901 lakhs at current price and Rs. 9,27,171 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 11,51,252 lakhs at current price and Rs. 8,37,012 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 1,36,082 at current price and Rs. 98,938 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
The students of the district are performing well in various fields of education in spite of the fact that it has a few reputed educational institutions. The two well known educational institutions in the district are Government Nehru Memorial Post Graduate College and S. D. Kanya Mahavidyala College. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 61.83% including 67.31% are males and 55.68% are females.
During the year 2018, there were 1,16,479 domestic tourists and 2,543 foreign tourists who visited the district. The district has some centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Budhlada town, in the district got its name from the two brothers of the khatri caste named Budha and Ladha. At the very beginning it was a part of the Kaithal State. Another renowned place of interest in the district is the Sardulgarh tehsil, popularly known as Rori Dhudal in the earlier periods. With the passage of time the name of the place was changed to Sardulgarh since it was a favourite hunting spot for Sardul Singh, the Prince of Patiala. The beautiful ancient Sardulgarh fort in this tehsil also draws many visitors from far off places. The Samadhi of Bhai Gurdas in Mansa is a notable tourist’s destination as well.