Sri Muktsar Sahib district is a district of Punjab state with its administrative headquarters located at Sri Muktsar Sahib City. Earlier, the place was popularly known as khidraane di dhaab. The district got its name from its headquarters city i.e. Sri Muktsar Sahib, previously the city as well as the district were known as Muktsar but in February 2012, both were officially renamed as Sri Muktsar Sahib. According to the early history of the district, the territory included in the present Muktsar district was almost entirely destitute of ancient buildings. The early history of the district is not quite clear but its medieval history is very interesting. In the medieval era the place of today’s Muktsar was ruled by the Paramara Rajputs who held it for a long period of time. During that era the area was mainly controlled by Rajputs, Muslim rulers and Sikh rulers. The district has witnessed the last battlefield of the tenth Sikh Guru; Shri Guru Gobind Singh sahib was fought in the Sri Muktsar Sahib City. In 1705 a very big battle was took place between the Mughals and the Sikhs, known as Battle of Muktsar and on that particular site one Gurudwara named Gurudwara Tibbi Sahib was built in order to mark the place. After India got its independence in 1947 the Muktsar city was emerged as a tehsil of Firozpur district and remained as a tehsil until August, 1972. After some time it became a tehsil of the newly formed Faridkot district. The district came into existence in November 1995.
Geographically, the district lies at 30°48' N latitude, 74°51' E longitude and 184 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 0.77% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 2,593 sq km. and it is bounded by Faridkot district on the North, Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan and Sirsa district of Haryana on the South, Bathinda district on the East and Firozpur district on the West. The climate of the district remains extremely hot during the summer and fairly cold during the winter. Most of its rainfall ccurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 494.8 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 tehsils namely Malout, Muktsar and Gidderbaha. Moreover, the district comprises 4 towns and 233 villages. The administrative language in the district is Punjabi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 9,01,896 out of which 4,75,622 are males and 4,26,274 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 896 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 16.00% including 15.66% were males and 16.38% were females. The population density in the district is 348 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 12,063 out of which 6,331 were males and 5,732 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 6,211 out of which 3,605 were males and 2,606 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Sikh and Hindu with 70.81% and 28.26% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Punjabi with 92.13%.
The economy of the district is mainly dependent on agriculture. Most of the lands in the district are use for agricultural purposes. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are cotton, paddy, wheat, sugarcane, oil seeds, pulses, vegetables, groundnut, barley, guava, etc. The place Muktsar is fortunate enough to be a part of the cotton belt of Punjab state. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from these agricultural products helps in its economy to a great extent. The district is scantily industrialized only a few industrial units based on agricultural crops and allied activities such as rice milling, cotton, mustard oil, wheat flour, etc are found in it. Some of its principal industries are Universal Bio Mass Energy Pvt. Ltd, Malwa Power Plant, Makfed Cotton Seed Processing Plant, Roshan Cotspin Ltd, Satia Paper Mills Ltd, Satia Synthetic Ltd, etc. In the year 2019-20 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 15,00,856 lakhs at current price and Rs. 11,08,061 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 13,64,714 lakhs at current price and Rs. 10,02,840 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2019-20 was Rs. 1,33,403 at current price and Rs. 98,029 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is an abode of several reputed government and private educational institutions. The government educational institutions are administered by Punjab School Education Board. On the other hand the private educational institutions are affiliated to with Central Board of Secondary Education, Punjab School Education Board and Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Bhai Maha Singh College of Engineering, Desh Bhagat Dental College and Hospital, Guru Teg Bahadur Khalsa Institute of Engineering and Technology, National College of Information Technology, Jamna Devi Institute of Management and Technology, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 65.81% including 71.76% are males and 59.24% are females.
Jagmeet Singh Brar, a veteran Indian politician and a member of the 10th Lok Sabha in 1992 and 13th Lok Sabha in 1999 from the Faridkot constituency in Punjab was born on 23rd May, 1958 at a place called Bam in the Muktsar district. He was a member of the Indian National Congress till 5th January, 2015.
During the year 2018, there were 1,53,401 domestic tourists and 31 foreign tourists who visited the district. The district has several centres of attraction which allure many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Gurudwara Shahidganj Sahib, popularly known as Arigitha Sahib, is a pious place where Guru Gobind Singh, himself cremated the bodies of the martyrs. For the first time, Raja Wazir Singh of Faridkot constructed it in the year 1870. During the period of 1980's a new building in a rectangular shaped domed hall was rebuilt within the Gurudwara. Gurudwara Tibbi Sahib, located in the district is the well known sandy mound which has historical significance. During the era of Muktsar battle, Guru Gobind Singh attacked the enemy from this sandy mound. In the 18th century for the first time it was established as a modest structure and it was again built by Sodhi Man Singh in 1843. Gurudwara Rakabsar Sahib, situated at a distance of 200 metres in the east of Gurdwara Tibbi Sahib was built by Baba Baghel Singh in the period of 1950's. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Angooran Wali Masjid, Gurdwara Guptsar Sahib, Gurudwara Tambu Sahib, Sri Darbar Sahib, Mukta Minar, etc.