Bokaro district is a district of Jharkhand state with its administrative headquarters located at Bokaro city. Its district headquarters is also popularly known as ‘Steel City’. Earlier, there was a village in the Bokaro city called Maraphari, situated in the dark jungles of Chota Nagpur. There was a group of villages in the nearby area, named Chas. During the ancient period, Purulia, a nearby town of the district was ruled by the Maharaja of Kashipur. According to the natives of the district, after defeating the Veer Man Singh the area came under the rule of Mughal. For the very reason, the place was named after Man Bhoom after him. The Brahamical civilization was at its prime in the 10th century A.D. and was destroyed completely thereafter by the Bhumij and Mundari tribe. For first time this remote place came into limelight only when Jawaharlal Nehru with the help of the Soviets designed to make the first Swadeshi steel plant. The steel plant was established as a limited company on 24th January, 1964. After sometime it was merged with Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) and at last came to be known as Bokaro Steel Limited (BSL). At present Bokaro is emerged as the centre for intellectuals. The culture of Bokaro is mixed in nature since it has the population from different parts of India. Bokaro as a separate district came into existence in the year 1999.
Mannara Chopra, an eminent Indian film actress and model who predominantly works in Hindi and Telugu films was born on 29th March, 1991 at Bokaro in the Jharkhand district. She is the cousin of most famous actress, Priyanka Chopra. She made her Bollywood debut with the film Zid in 2014. Imran Zahid, an illustrious Indian actor who has acted in numder of theatres and Bollywood films was born on 1st January, 1982 at Bokaro Steel City. His latest play was 'Daddy' based on Mahesh Bhatt's movie 'Daddy' released in 1989.
Geographically, the district lies at 23°69'N latitude, 86°11'E longitude and 210 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 19.98% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 2,883 sq kms. and it is bounded by Giridih district and Hazaribagh district on the North, West Bengal on the South, Dhanbad district on the East and Ramgarh district on the West. Number of valleys and sub-valleys in the district are formed by the mighty River Damodar and also by its tributaries. The climate of the district remains extremely hot and humid in the summers and fair cold in the winters. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 1487.3 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 9 blocks namely Bermo, Chas, Chandankiyari, Chandrapura, Gomia, Jaridih, Kasmar, Nawadih and Petarwar. Moreover, it comprises 9 sub-districts, 27 towns and 635 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 20,62,330 including 10,72,807 are males and 9,89,523 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 922 (females for every 1000 males). During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 16.01% out of which 14.32% are males and 17.91% are females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 79.35% of the total population. The population density in the district is 715 (persons per sq. kms.). As per 2011 the principal languages in the district are Hindi, Santali and Bengali with 70.96%, 11.39% and 10.67%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 25,477 out of which 13,442 were males and 12,035 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 5,803 out of which 3,641 were males and 2,162 were females.
The economy of the district is mainly dependent on industries. Bokaro Steel Plant, located in the Bokaro district is one of the large steel plants, controlled by the Steel Authority of India Limited. Electrosteel Castings Limited in Chandankiyari is located at a distance of 15 kms. from the city which is expected to start their production recently. Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Private Limited located near to the Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) has an aggregate installed capacity to generate 302MW of power besides 660 Tonne per Hour (TPH) of steam. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the agricultural products in the district helps in its economy to a great extent. Some time its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. The chief agricultural products in the district are wheat, sugarcane, oilseeds, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. In the year 2008-2009 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 5,83,699 lakh at current price and Rs. 4,07,484 lakh at constant prices in the year 1999-2000. In the year 2008-2009 the net domestic product in the district was Rs. 4,93,365 lakh at current price and Rs. 3,64,474 lakh at constant rices in the year 1999-2000. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2008-09 was Rs. 24,569 at current price and Rs. 18,150 at constant prices in the year 1999-2000.
The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its most recognised educational institutions are Imamul Hai Khan Law College, Indian School of Information and Technology, RAO IAS, Krishna Ballabh College, Bokaro Steel City College, Panchayat College, DVC Inter College, Vishthapit College and many more. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 72.01% including 82.51% are males and 60.63% are females. The literate population in the district is 12,73,520 out of which 7,59,088 are males and 5,14,432 are females.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Bokaro Steel Plant, one of the largest and oldest steel mills in the country was once considered to be the largest steel plant of Asia. It is also famous for its flat products and in the coming days it has planned to produce more major flat products in India. Garga Dam is around 12 kms. from the city centre, near the railway station on the NH-23. It is a picnic spot for the citizens of Bokaro. Garga Dam, located in the district is bounded by natural mesmerising sceneries and a huge variety of aquatic habitat. It is constructed for the use of the steel plants as well as irrigation purpose for the people. Parasnath Hills are a range of hills in Giridih district of Jharkhand. The highest peak is 1350 metres. Parasnath hills in the place are considered to as Shri Sammet Shikhar Teerth (Shikharji). As per Jainism it is one of the two most renowned Jain pilgrimage centres and another one is Shetrunjaya, situated in the state of Gujarat. The hill got its name from Parasnath, the 23rd Tirthankara. Rajrappa, a place situated on the bank of the confluence of the rivers Bhairavi and Damodar is famous for the 'Chinnamasta Temple'. The place is derived its name from the temple known as 'Rajrappa Mandir', situated at a distance of 60 kms. from the Bokaro Steel City. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Bokaro Ispat Pustakalaya, City Centre, Jagannath Temple, Aaiyappa Mandir, Buddha Vihar, Gayatri Mandir, Ram Mandir, Kali Bari, Sai Baba Sansthan, City Park, Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park, Chas, Chira Chas, Pupunki Ashram and many more.