Amravati, a district in the state of Maharashtra of central India with its administrative headquarters located at Amravati city. In the year 1853, the today’s territory of Amravati district was a part of Berar Province and later according to a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad the place was assigned to the British East India Company. After the British East India Company took over the administration of the province, they first of all divided it into two districts. Then the current area of the district became a part of the North Berar district, with the administrative headquarters at Buldhana. After sometime, the place was reconstituted and the geographical area of the present day’s district became a prominent part of East Berar district, which administrative headquarters were located at Amravati. In 1864, the district of Yavatmal was parted from the main province. In 1867, another district of Ellichpur was separated but again in August, 1905, it was merged into the main district when the whole province was reorganized and divided into six districts. In 1903, the place was emerged as a part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar. Later in 1956, Amravati district became a part of the then Bombay State and after its bifurcation in 1960, it came out as an integral part of the state of Maharashtra.
Geographically, the district lies at 20093'N latitudes, 77076'E longitudes and 343 m altitude. In the year 2019, there was a total 25.94% forest area of total geographical area. This district occupies an area of 12,210 sq km and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 7th in the state and 33rd in India. It is bounded by Betul district of Madhya Pradesh state on the north, and the districts of Maharashtra likewise Nagpur on the northeast, Wardha on the east, Yavatmal on the south, Washim on the southwest and the districts of Akola and Buldhana to the west. The prominent rivers that flows through the district are Wardha, Purna, Tapti, Shahanoor and Chandrabhaga. The climate of the district is characterized as tropical and the natives of the district experiences extremely hot climate during the summer season. The actual rainfall in the district was 658.0 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administratively, Amravati district is divided into 14 sub districts, 12 towns and 1637 villages. There are 8 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in the district namely Badnera, Amravati, Teosa, Anjangaon-Daryapur (SC), Melghat (ST) and Achalpur are part of Amravati Lok Sabha constituency. Whereas the remaining two constituencies, Dhamangaon Railway and Morshi, are part of Wardha Lok Sabha constituency. The administrative language in the district is Marathi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 28,88,445 out of which 14,80,768 are males and 14,07,677 are females. During the year 2001-2011, the population growth rate in the district was 10.79% including 10.04% were males and 11.58% were females. The population density in the district is 237 persons per sq. km. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 42,053 including 21,389 were males and 20,664 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 16,199 including 9,338 were males and 6,861 were females. As per 2011 census the major religions in the district are Hindu and Muslim with 71.15% and 14.59%. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Marathi and Urdu with 66.83% and 11.86%.
Being a part of the Vidarbha region, Amravati district is blessed with fertile soil, abundance of forests, and positioning on the way to the Mumbai-Kolkata highway which are all ingredients for a thriving economy. However, the economical condition of the Amravati district is very poor compared to the rest of the regions in Maharashtra. However, it is rapidly developing into an industrial centre, all due to the excellent efforts put in by the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation and the state government of Maharashtra. The district of Amravati was declared as one of the most backward districts out of the 250 backward districts of India and it currently receives funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. Amravati is primarily an agricultural district with more than 70% of the population engaged in agriculture and its supporting industries. Some of the main crops grown in this district are cotton, groundnut, jowar and different types of pulses. This district is known as the major cotton producing district of Maharashtra. There are textile industries, industries producing metal wares, and Amravati happens to be the home of the only sugar factory existing in the region. Upcoming industries in Amravati district are Bharat Dynamics Ltd, Indiabulls Power Ltd, VHM Industries Limited, Shyam Indo Fab, Nirbhay Textile, Aki Tech, Deegee Textile Pvt Ltd, Degee Cotsyn Pvt. Ltd, Crystal Clear Veg. Oil Refinery Pvt Ltd. In the year 2017-18 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 35,57,400 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 29,53,400 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. In the year 2013-2014 the net domestic product in the district was Rs. 24,69,200 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 13,54,800 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2004-2005. In the year 2013-14 the Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district was Rs. 79,945 at Current Price and Rs. 43,863 at Constant Prices in the year 2004-2005.
Amravati district has many well-known educational institutions that provide quality education, namely Government Vidarbha Institute of Science and Humanities, formerly Vidarbha Mahavidyalaya. It started out as King Edward College. It is the only college serving Amravati with maximum branches for humanities at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. There are many colleges affiliated to Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University which include Government College of Pharmacy, Government College of Engineering, Government Polytechnic, Vidya Bharti Mahavidyalaya, Dr.Panjabrao Deshmukh Polytechnic, Sipna college of Engineering and technology, P. R. Patil Group of Educational Institutes, V.Y.W.S.'s Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology & Research, Degree College of Physical Education, Shree H.V.P. Mandal. In 2011, the prestigious Indian Institute of Mass Communication has set up its regional centre at Amravati University. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 87.38% out of which 91.46% were male and 83.10% were female respectively.
Panjabrao Shamrao Deshmukh born in 27th December, 1898, famously known as Bhausaheb Deshmukh, was a social activist and a farmer's leader in India. He was the Minister of Agriculture in the first cabinet of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1952.
Amravati district is popular for several pilgrimages and temples such as Shri Ambadevi Temple. It is one of the ancient temples dating back to the time of Lord Krishna. Shri Bhakti Dham Temple is another sightseeing attraction. Besides temples, this district is home to various wildlife sanctuaries and tiger reserve. Chikhaldara Wildlife Sanctuary forms one of the popular excursions from the Amravati city. The sanctuary forms a part of the sole hill station of the Vidarbha region, characterized by beautiful lakes, serene lakes and cascading waterfalls. Melghat Tiger Reserve is situated in the Satpuda hill range, near the Chikhaldara Wildlife Sanctuary. This tiger reserve is amongst the few remaining abodes of the Royal Bengal Tiger in the state of Maharashtra.