Chandrapur district, a part of the Nagpur division is a district of Maharashtra with its administrative headquarters located at Chandrapur city. Natives of this place believe that the name of the district "Chandrapur" is a combination of two words i.e. Chandra meaning white spot and pur meaning a settlement. The nickname of the place, Chandrapur is "black gold city" because of its nearby coal mines. For the first time in 1853, Chandrapur was annexed to British India. During the period of British rule, they called it Chanda district, which after sometime around 1964 changed to its current name 'Chandrapur'. Furthermore, by 1871, the missionaries like Anglican and Scottish Episcopal had arrived in the region. In 1874, they divided the place into three tehsils namely Mul, Warora and Bramhpuri. Then the upper Godavai district of Madras was abolished and four more tehsils were joined to the place of Chandrapur in order to create one tehsil with Sironcha, as its centre of governance. In 1895, the headquarters was transferred to Chandrapur. A new tehsil with its headquarters located at Gadchiroli was formed in 1905, through the shift of zamindari estates from the tehsils of Bramhpuri and Chandrapur. In 1907, a small piece of land was took away from the place and added to the newer districts. After sometime another portion of area of about 1560 sq km. which comprised three divisions of the lower Sironcha tehsil (Cherla, Albak and Nugir) were shifted to Madras State. But no major changes were occured in the territorial boundaries of its tehsils and in the diustrict itself between 1911 and 1955. Finally, the rule of British was came to an end in 1947 with the partition of India. When India got its independence in 1947, the former Central Provinces became a part the new Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. In 1956 the states of Indian were reorganised on the basis of the linguistic lines and for that very reason the mainly Marathi-speaking Chandrapur district was shifted from Madhya Pradesh to the Bombay State. At last, in 1960 the name of the Bombay State was changed to Maharashtra and Chandrapur became a district of the Maharashtra state.
Prakash Baba Amte, an illustrious medical doctor and social worker was born on 26th December, 1948 at Anandwan in the district. The Government of India honoured him with the prestigious Padma Shri Award in 2002.
Geographically, the district lies at 19095'N latitude, 79030'E longitude and 188 m altitude. In the year 2019, there was a total 35.43% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 11,443 sq km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 9th in the state and 38th in India. It is bounded by Nagpur district, Bhandara district and Wardha district on the North, Adilabad district of Andhra Pradesh on the South, Gadchiroli district on the East and Yavatmal district on the West. The climate of the district remains extremely hot during the summer and fairly cold during the winter. The actual rainfall in the district was 1113.0 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 15 talukas namely Chandrapur, Ballarpur, Rajura, Bhadravati, Warora, Chimur, Nagbhid, Bramhapuri, Sindewahi, Mul, Sawali, Gondpipri, Korpana, Pombhurna and Jiwati. Moreover, it comprises 23 towns and 1463 villages. The aministrative language in the district is Marathi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 22,04,307 out of which 11,23,834 are males and 10,80,473 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 961 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 6.43% out of which 5.72% were males and 7.18% were females. The population density in the district is 193 persons per sq. km. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 28,644 including 14,807 were males and 13,837 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the dstrict is 12,838 including 7,221 were males and 5,617 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 80.75% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Marathi with 83.63%.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture in order to earn their livelihood. Industrially, also the district is quite well developed. The place has some prominent cement factories in its surroundings such as Manikgarh Cement, Ultra Tech Cement, Aditya Birla Group, Chandrapur Cement Works, Maratha Cement Works, etc. Chandrapur is rich in coal and lime stone since the contribution of the mammoth coal mines around the city towards its heavy industrialization is remarkable. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the coal mines of the district helps in its economy to a great extent. It is one of the 12 backward districts of Maharashtra and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme. In the year 2017-18 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 31,19,900 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 25,79,700 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. In the year 2013-14 the net domestic product in the district was Rs. 21,95,200 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 12,80,500 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2004-2005. In the year 2013-14 the Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district was Rs. 89,902 at Current Price and Rs. 52,442 at Constant Prices in the year 2004-2005.
The district is well known as an abode of several reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its most recognised educational institutions are Government Medical College, Government College of Engineering, Renaissance Institutes of Management & Sciences Education, Renaissance Polytechnic, Purushottamdas Bagla Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Vimla Devi Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering, Research and Technology, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 80.01% including 86.79% are males and 72.97% are females.
Vilas Muttemwar, a veteran Indian politician and a member of the 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th Lok Sabha from the Nagpur Lok Sabha constituency of Maharashtra was born on 22nd March, 1949 at Sindewahi in the Chandrapur district. He is a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) political party.
The district has several centres of attraction which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve located in the Chandrapur district is one of the most significant, oldest and largest national parks of Maharashtra. Furthermore, it is one of the India's 43 "Project Tiger"-tiger reserves. Anandwan, situated at a distance of 5 km. from Warora in the district is a famous ashram which covers 465 hectares. This ashram is founded by the renowned social activist called Baba Amte in 1948. It is also a community rehabilitation centre which was mainly started for leprosy patients and the disabled from downtrodden sections of society. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Ramala Talav, Ghodazari Talav, Asola Mendha Talav, Mahakali Mandir,
Anchaleshwar Mandir, Bhadranag Mandir, Jain Mandir and many more.