The Hanumangarh district is located extremely north of Rajasthan. The district came into existence in 1998 as earlier was the tehsil of Sri Ganganagar district. It is the 31st district of Rajasthan. Hanumangarh was the kingdom of Bhati Kings in northern Rajasthan and hence its earlier name was Bhatner. Since it was won on Tuesday by Maharaja Soorat Singh of Bikaner, which is the auspicious day of the Hindu God Hanuman, it was rechristened Hanumangarh or the Fort of Hanuman the Hindu-god. The area around Hanumangarh appears to be quite ancient. The remains of nearly 5000 years old Indus valley civilization are found in Kalibanga (Pilibanga), part of the district for instance human skeleton, unknown scripts, stamps, coins, utensils, jewelry, toys, statues, wells, bathrooms, fort, streets, and markets etc.
R. D. Singh is famous Indian athletics coach, born on 7th June, 1954. He is the recipient of Drounacharya award by the government of India. He is the only Drounacharya awardee coach for Para sports.
Geographically, it has total area of 9,656 sq km including waste land of 329.30 sq km. It lies at 29062'N latitude, 74029'E longitudes and 192 m altitude. In the year 2019, there was a total 0.93% forest area of total geographical area. It is bounded by the Punjab in North and Haryana in East. The region has semi dry climate. It is extremely hot in summer and extremely cold in winter. It is located on the bank of river Ghaggar also identified as an ancient Saraswati river. The district is well connected with rail transport as ‘Hanumangarh Junction’ is a major railway station in Jodhpur-Bhathindia line; Sadalpur, Rewari, Jaipur, Sriganganagar, Anupgarh. The actual rainfall in the district was 138.7 mm in the year of 2018-19.
The district has its administrative office in Hanumangarh city at the distance of 405 km. from the capital of the state. It has 7 sub-districts namely Hanumanendira colne garh, Sangaria, Rawatsar , Nohar, Bhadra, Tibbi, Pillibanga. It has 6 towns and 1,907 villages. Hindi is official language of the district.
According to 2011 census, the district has 17, 74,692 total population. Bagri is commonly used regional language. The population growth rate during the period of 2001 to 2011 was 16.91% including 16.18% were males and 17.72% were females. The density of population of the district is 184 persons per sq km. The sex ratio is pegged at 906 (females per 1000 males) while the child ratio stands at 878 (females per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the percentage of religions practiced by the people of this region is Hindu with 80.75% of the total population. A large number of festivals are held in the region such as Gogaman mela and Nohar Gogameri mela. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Hindi and Punjabi with 68.01% and 30.16%. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 42,547 out of which 23,120 were males and 19,426 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 10,870 out of which 6,607 were males and 4,263 were females.
The main source of income for the people of this region comes from agriculture either through cultivation of their own pieces of land or from working as labourers on a daily wage rate or contractual rate on the land of their neighbors or counterparts. The Gross Domestic Product in the district during 2016-17 was Rs. 22,97,394 lakh at current price and Rs. 19,96,391 lakh at constant prices during 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during 2016-17 was Rs. 20,61,841 lakh at current price and Rs. 17,86,181 lakh at constant prices during 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, at factor cost during 2016-17 was Rs. 1,07,244 lakh at current price and Rs. 92,906 lakh at constant prices during 2011-2012. Industrial area Hanumangarh I and II set up by RICCO, has well developed infrastructural facilities such as national highways, state highways, district highways and electric supply. It also has well developed civil infrastructural facilities like post offices, government dispensary, banks, schools and colleges.
Abhishek Matoria MLA in Rajasthan was elected from Nohar Constituency in 2008. He was the youngest Chairman in local bodies election in 2005 in Rajasthan.
According to 2011 census, the total literate population of the district is 10,34,136 out of 6,24,281 are males and 4, 09,855 are females. The literacy rate in the district is 67.13% including 77.41% are male and 55.84% are female. Several educational institutes have been found here such as Nehru Memorial P.G. College, Nehru Memorial Children School and National Pubic School etc. Famous Professors includes Professor R.S. Sharma, Professor L.K. Sharma (Gold medalist) and professor Cheema, etc.
The district contains the archeological site of Kalibangan, Indus valley civilization and Palli. Temple of Shri Gogaji, Temple of Dhuna Shri Gorakh Nathji, Brahmani Mata Temple, Kalibangan Archaeological Museum, Kalibangan Archaeological Site, Sila Mata, Sila Peer Temple, Shri Kabootar Sahib Gurdwara, and Gurdwara of Shri Sukha Singh Mehtab Singh are main tourist attractions of the district.