Historically, Udaipur was founded by Maharana Udai Singh II in the year 1559, as the new capital of the Mewar Kingdom. It is situated in Girwa Valley to the South-West of Nagda, on the Banas River. In November 1567, the great Mughal emperor Akbar laid siege to the venerated fort of Chittor. In order to protect the place of Udaipur from attacks of external forces, Maharana Udai Singh built a six km long city wall along with seven gates namely Surajpole, Chandpole, Udiapole, Hathipole, Ambapole, Brahmpole and so on. The area within the boundary of these walls and gates is still also known as the old city or the walled city. Later when the Mughal empire was weakened, the Sisodia rulers reasserted their independence and regained most of the Mewar except Chittor. During that period of time Udaipur remained the capital of the state but in the year 1818 it became a princely state of British India. Since it was a mountainous region and unsuitable for heavily armoured Mughal horses hence Udaipur remained safe from Mughal influence despite of their numerous attempts. At present, Arvind Singh Mewar is the 76th custodian of the Mewar dynasty.
The district has various personalities who belong to different fields. Mr. Ram Narayan was born on December 25th, 1927 in Amber village near Udaipur. He was a musician and played Sarangi. In 1944, he became the part of All India Radia, Lahore. He was awarded with Padam Vibhushan in 2005. Limba Ram is another famous personality who born on January 30th, 1972 in saradat, Udaipur district. He had represented India in the category of archery in three Olympics. He made a world record in 1992 in Beijing Asian Games. He was awarded with Arjuna Award in 1991 and Padam Shri in 2012.
Geographically, the district has a total geographical area of 11,724 sq km. and occupies the Ranks 8th in State and 40th in India. It lies at 24°57'N latitude, 73°69'E longitude and 600 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 23.49% forest area of total geographical area. It is bounded by the Aravalli Range on the Northwest, by Rajsamand District on the North, by Chittaurgarh District on the East, by Banswara District on the South-East, by Dungarpur District on the South, and by the state of Gujarat on the South-West. The district has Sabarmati River, Banas River and tributaries of the Mahi River, including the Som and the Gomati which drain Western, Northern portion and Southern and Central portion of the district, respectively. Ahar River also passes through the region. It also has Dhebar Lake, known as Jaisamand Lake which was created by Rana Jai Singh of in the 17th century. The climate of the district is characterized as a hot semi-arid climate. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 783.8 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administratively, the district is divided into 11 sub-districts namely Girwa, Gogunda, Kherwada, Rishabhdev, Mavli, Vallabhnagar, Kotra Jhadol, Lasadia Salumber and Sarada. Moreover, it has 17 towns and 2,474 villages. Hindi is its administrative language. The district of Udaipur came into existence in the state of Rajasthan with an allotted district code of 130. Udaipur is its district headquarters which is located at a distance of 420 km. from the state capital.
Demographically, according to 2011 census, the district is home to a total number of 6,17,921 households with a total population of 30,68,420 including 15,66,801 are males and 15,01,619 are females which led it to the ranks of 5th in the state and 118 in India. The population growth rate during the period 2001-2011 was 16.52% out of which 17.28% were males and 15.75% were females. The density of population of the district is 262 persons per sq km. The sex ratio is pegged at 958 (females per 1000 males) while the child ratio stands at 924 (females per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the percentage of major religions practiced by the people of this region is Hindu with 93.53% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal languages in the district are Hindi and Bhili/Bhilodi with 77.68% and 19.23%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 75,227 out of which 39,244 were males and 35,973 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 26,088 out of which 16,699 were males and 9,387 were females.
Economically, agriculture is the backbone of the district. It is one of the district which receiving Backward Region Grant Fund (BRGF). Tourism is also a big industry as a source of income for the people of the district. A number of small scale industries are available here. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 39,87,746 lakhs at current price and Rs. 26,96,361 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 36,40,703 lakh at current price and Rs. 24,31,100 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 1,03,135 at current price and Rs. 68,869 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
Education wise, according to 2011 census, the literacy rate in the district is 61.82% including 74.74% are males and 48.45% are females. The total literate population of the district is 15,82,629 including 9,73,444 are males and 6,09,185 are females. The district has a number of primary and middle schools, higher secondary and secondary schools, undergraduate and post graduate colleges.
The district has a number of political personalities. Sunder Singh Bhandari was born on April 12th, 1921. He belongs to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Bharatiya Jana Sangh and Bharatiya Janata Party. He founded a political party namely Jan sangh in 1951. He became the Member of Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan during 1966-1972 and from Uttar Pradesh in 1976 and also in 1992. He held the position of the President in BJP. He became Governor of Bihar in 1998 and Governor of Gujarat from 1999 to 2003. Kiran Maheshwari is another politician belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party. She is currently holding the post of the Cabinet Minister in Rajasthan Government. She is also an MLA from the Rajsamand assembly. She has represented the Udaipur Constituency in the 14th Lok Sabha Parliament.
During the year 2021, there were 10,02,638 Domestic Tourists and 5,025 Foreign Tourists who came here to visit historical and religious places. These places are City Palace, Fateh Prakash Palace, The Lake Palace, Bagoreki Haveli, Maharana Pratap Memorial, City Palace Museum, Shilpgram Museum, Ahar Museum, Vintage Collection of Classic Car Museum, Lake Pichola, Fateh Sagar Lake, Jaisamand Lake, Rajsamand Lake, Jag Mandir, and Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary.