Historically, Rajsamand is named after Rajsamand Lake which was created in the 17th century by Rana Raj Singh of Mewar. It is an artificial lake. Rajsamand also saw the vicissitudes of the freedom struggle between Tantya Tope and the British troops at 'Rakam garh kachhapar' in 1857. Rajsamand is a rich district regarding history, religion, and culture and mining industries. Haldighati is very famous place of the district.
Geographically, the district extends to a geographical area of 4,655 sq. km. and occupies the ranks 27th in the State and 248th in India on basis of this size. As per data recorded in the year 2021, there was a total 11.10% forest area of the total geographical area of the district. It lies 25007'N latitude, 73088'E longitude and 547 m altitude. The district is bounded by the Aravalli Range on the North-Western, and Pali District, Ajmer District on the North, Bhilwara District on the North-East and East, Chittorgarh District on the South-East, and Udaipur District on the South. The Ari, Gomati, Chandra and Bhoga, Banas River and tributaries of Banas River pass through the district. The climate of the district is extremely hot in the summers and fairly cold in the winters. The actual rainfall in the district was 675.7 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administratively, the district is divided into 7 sub-districts. Moreover, it has 9 towns and 1,050 villages. The district of Rajsamand came into existence in the year 1996 in the state of Rajasthan with an allotted district code of 123. Its district Headquarter is at Rajsamand which is located at a distance of 334 km. from the State Capital. Hindi is its administrative language.
Demographically, according to 2011 census, the district has a total number of 2,45,488 households with a total population of 11,56,597 including 5,81,339 are males and 5,75,258 are females which causing it to rank 29th in the state and 405 in India. The population growth rate during the period 2001 to 2011 was 17.18% out of which 17.81% were males and 16.55% were females. The density of population of the district is 248 persons per sq km. The sex ratio is pegged at 990 (females per 1000 males) while the child ratio stands at 903 (females per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the percentage of different religion practiced by the people of this region is Hindu with 95.60% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 99.48%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 28,597 out of which 15,352 were males and 13,242 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 9,706 out of which 6,050 were males and 3,655 were females.
Economically, agriculture is the prime base of the district. Mining is other main source of income for the people of the district. Marble, granite and other valuable varieties of stone are found on a large scale. The principal Indian sources of ores for zinc, silver, manganese are Dariba and Jawar mines in the district. Tyre and tobacco factories are also some other industries which are found here. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 16,94,724 lakhs at current price and Rs. 10,93,056 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 15,20,735 lakh at current price and Rs. 9,70,084 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 1,14,290 at current price and Rs. 72,906 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
Education wise, according to 2011 census, the literacy rate in the district is 63.14% out of which 78.42% are males and 47.95% are females. The total literate population of the district is 6,19,139 including 3,83,334 are males and 2,35,805 are females. The total number of illiterate person is pegged at 5,37,458 out of which 1,98,005 are males and 3,39,453 are females. The district has various primary, higher and secondary schools and colleges.
The district has various historical and religious places which are great attractions for tourists. During the year 2021, there were 3,30,675 domestic tourists who visited the district the main attractions are Kumbhal garh Wildlife Sanctuary, Sri Dwarkadhish Temple, Lake Pichola, Shree Chhapariya Bheru Mandir, Rajsamand Lake, Sanwaria Seth Temple, Haldi Ghati, Chetak Tomb, Arsi Vilas, Kankroli, Kumbhalgarh Fort, and SahityaMandal Library. Haldighati lies in the Aravalli Range of Rajasthan connecting Rajsamand and Pali districts. It is the witness of the famous Battle of Haldighati which occurred in 1576 between the Kingdom of Mewar and the Mughal Army. Charity rose product and the mud art of Molela are famous products of the region. Rajsamand Lake is situated near the town of Rajsamand in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was built in the 17th century. It is drained by river Gomti. It was by Maharana Raj Singh in 1660. Kumbhalgarh Fort lies in Aravalli Hills. It was built in the 15th century by Rana Kumbha and enlarged through the 19th century. It is also the birthplace of the great king Maharana Pratap. The fort has honor to be the second largest wall in the world after the Great Wall of China and the second largest fort in Rajasthan after Chittorgarh Fort.