Historically, Jalore is known as Granite City. Jalon is also called Jalore. It is a city in Rajasthan state of Western India. In ancient times, Jalore was known as Jabalipura which was named after a saint. The town was also known as Suvarngiri or Songir, the Golden Mount, on which the fort stands. As per some historical evidences, in 8th-9th centuries, one branch of the Gurjara-Pratihara was controlling the Jablipur (Jalore). Jalore was ruled by the Paramaras in the 10th century. Kirtipala, the youngest son of Alhana, ruler of Nadol, was the founder of the Jalore line of Chauhans. He captured it from the Parmars in 1181 and took the clan name Songara, after the place. Under Udayasimha, Jalore had a golden period. In 1228, Udayasimha offered stiff resistance to Iltutmish. During the reign of Kanhad Dev Songara, Jalor was attacked and destroyed in 1311 by Alauddin Khilji. Then in the 16th century, the Turkic rulers of Palanpur State of Gujarat briefly captured Jalor and it went into the hands of the Mughals. Later it was restored to Marwar in the year 1704 and remained as the part of their kingdom until India got its independence in 1947.
Geographically, it lies at 25°34'N latitude, 72°62'E longitude and 153 m altitude. The district covers a geographical area of 10,640 square kilometers and on basis of this size ranks 11th in the State and 54th in India. As per data recorded in the year 2021, there was a total 2.21% forest area of total geographical area. It lies to south of Sukri river, a tributary of Luni river. The district is bounded on the northeast by Pali District, on the southeast by Sirohi District, and by Banaskantha District of Gujarat state on the southwest. National Highway no 15 (Bhatinda-Kandla) passes through the district. The district has extreme dry climate. The actual rainfall in the district was 396.2 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administratively, the district is divided into 7 sub-districts namely Jalore, Ahore, Bhinmal, Raniwara, Sanchore, Sayala and Bagoda. Moreover, it has 4 towns and 801 villages. Hindi is the administrative language of the district. In the state of Rajasthan with an allotted district code of 116 the district of Jalor came into existence.
Demographically, The district has a population of 18,28,730 including 9,36,634 are males and 8,92,096 are females. The population growth rate during the period 2001 to 2011 was 26.21% out of with 26.94% were males and 25.46% were females. The density of population of the district is 172 persons per sq km. The sex ratio is pegged at 952 (females per 1000 males) while the child ratio stands at 895 (females per 1000 males). As per 2011 census the percentage of major religion practiced by the people of this region is Hindu with 94.76% of the total population. In the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 26.21% out of which 26.94% were males and 25.46% were females. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 99.25%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 74,594 out of which 39,089 were males and 35,501 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 11,157 out of which 6,740 were males and 4,417 were females.
Economically, the district is mainly based on agriculture and animal husbandry. The oilseeds especially mustard oil seed is predominant crop. Other main crops are Wheat, bajra, kharif pulses, barley, jowar. Some mineral based industries are set up based on mineral available from local mines. Gypsum, limestone, bajari, murram, granite, and graded fluorite are main mineral productions. Only small scale industries exist there. The main small scale industries are granite slabs and tiles, marble cutting and polishing, mustard seed crushing, skimmed milk powder, butter and ghee, handloom cloth, leather shoes (mojari). There are four industrial areas in the district. It is one of the districts receiving Backward Region Grant Fund. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 18,47,626 lakhs at current price and Rs. 11,61,627 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The net domestic product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 16,89,286 lakh at current price and Rs. 10,49,076 lakh at constant prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 80,295 at current price and Rs. 49,865 at constant prices in the year 2011-2012.
Educationally, the district has numerous institutes. The main colleges in the district are College Bhinmal, Government College, G. K. Gowani Government College and Global College etc. The district also has a good list of schools likewise Adarsh Vidhya Mandir Sec School, Bhinmal, Jalore, Alok Public Sec. School, Bhinmal, Jalore, Emmanul Mission School, Bhinmal Road ,Jalore, Subodh Sr. Sec. School, Rampura Colony, Kaushal’s Victoria School,Inside Suraj Pol,Jalore, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Jaswantpura, Jalor, Krishna Public Sec Sch,Sanchore, Jalore, Mahavir Bal Niketan, Sanchore, Jalore, Solar International School, RIICO, Link Road, Jalore, etc. some important polytechnics are Indira Gandhi Industrial Training Centre and Industrial Training Institute.
The district has numerous historical and religious places which are main attractions for tourists from worldwide such as Topkhana, Jalore Fort, Sundha Mata Temple, Neelkanth Mahadev, Jagnath Mahadev, Mosque of Malik Shah, Sire Mandir Temple of Jalore, Lohanagarh of Jaswantpura, Fort of Kot Kasta, Quila or Fort of Bhadrajun, Jahaz Temple Mandwala, Jain Pilgrim Bhandavpur, KirtiStambh and Nandishwar Deep Tirth Jalore. Sire Mandir is a temple situated in Jalore town, belongs to Saint Jalindernath Maharaj. It is situated in the west of the Jalore fort. Many saints and followers of the Saint Jalindernath came & meditated here. Pandavas also spent some of their time here and king Bhruthhari’s path leader Suanath and his disciples made it their home. There are many temples for Shiva & Shakti. Jalore Fort is one of the most famous and impressive fort. It is the main attraction of the district. It has four gates (pols) namely Suraj Pol, Dhruv Pol, Chand Pol and the Sire Pol. Topekhana or "the cannon foundry" is also an important structure of the district. The building is not in the best of conditions. It was built by "Ujjain King" Vkramditya as a "sansrut Pathshala" for education for his public. But it was converted into a Muslim monument by Muslin Emperor Ala ud din Khilji at his time. The structure has a spacious forecourt and an intricate façade with tastefully carved colonnade and ceiling.