Nawada district, a part of Magadh division is a district of Bihar district with its administrative headquarters located at Nawada town. Nawada district came into existence in the year 1976. There is an interesting my thological story associated with the district. During the Dwaparayuga, there was a king called Jarasandha, King of Magadha who constructed a temple named Surya Narayana Mandir. Jarasandha’s daughter Dhaniya was suffering from leprosy and used to go to this holy place every day for devotion. It is said that she used to bath in the nearby pond and was cured. Dhaniya built a temple to Ma Bhagwati and a Shivalinga at Dhaniya hill. Nawada was ruled by the nearly independent Rajas of Hisua. The East India Company acquired it till 1845, when it became the headquarters of the newly created subdivision. The elements of disorder came to the front again during the Mutiny of 1857, when Nawada was over run by marauding parties. The local offices were destroyed, but the Government record was saved by the native officials who hid them in a cave of a neighbouring hill. These are the only public records dating before 1857 which still exist in the district.
Sri. Krishna Singh, an eminent Indian politician and the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946-61) was born on 24th October, 1986 at Khanwa in the Nawada district. Except for the period of World War II, he was served as the chief minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961. He was a member of Indian National Congress (political party).
Geographically, the district lies at 24°88'N latitude, 85°53'E longitude and 81 m Altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 20.72% forest area of total geographical area. The district occupies a geographical area of 4,976 sq. km. and it is bounded by Nalanda district and Sheikhpura district on the north, Jharkhand state on the south, Jamui district on the east and Gaya district on the west. During the summer the climate of the district remains extremely hot and during the winter its climate remains fairly cold. The actual rainfall in the district was 1352.4 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district has 3 sub-divisions including Nawadah, Rajauli and Pakribarawan. Moreover, these sub-divisions are further divided into 14 blocks namely Kawakol, Warisaliganj, Nawadah, Rajauli, Akbarpur, Hisua, Narhat, Govindpur, Pakribarawan, Sirdalla, Kasichak, Roh, Nardiganj and Meskaur. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 6 Assembly constituencies in the district. The district also comprises 5 towns and 1,084 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 22,19,146 including 11,44,668 are males and 10,74,478 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 953 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 22.63% out of which 23.09% were males and 22.14% were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 88.53% of the total population. The population density in the district is 446 persons per sq. kms. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 92.21%. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 51,915 out of which 26,705 were males and 25,204 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 7,164 out of which 4,557 were males and 2,607 were females.
The economy of the district is solely based on agriculture. Some of its chief agricultural products are paddy, wheat, pulses, vegetables, etc. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the agricultural products grows in the district. It is scantily industrialised, only a few factories of bidi, sugar, handloom silk, etc can be found. Kadirganj, situated at a distance of 6 kms. from Nawada, has the oldest and famous silk small scale industry. Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd has identified Rajauli in Nawada district of Bihar as the possible site for creating additional 2,000-MW nuclear capacity in the state. In the same way some other big projects are also going to set up in the district which as well made an impact on its economy. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Nawada as one of the country's 250 most advance districts and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). In the year 2011-12 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 3,20,585 lakhs at current price and Rs. Rs. 2,11,684 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2004-2005. In the year 2011-12 the net domestic product in the district was Rs. 2,88,065 lakhs at current price and Rs. 1,89,603 lakhs at constant prices in the year 2004-2005.
There are numerous schools and colleges in the district. Some of its reputed educational institutions are Nawada Central School, Jeevan Jyoti Public School, Gyan Bharti Residential Complex, Vivekanand Public School, Manas Bharti Public School, Gandhi Inter High School, Kanhai Lal Sahu College, Kanhai Lal Sahu High School, Rajendra Memorial Women's College, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 59.76% including 69.98% are males and 48.86% are females.
The district has few tourist places which allures travellers from different parts of the country. Kakolat falls, in the district has an interesting story as per Hindu mythology. According to legends, during the ancient period, a king was turned into a python by a Rishi's curse and lived within the falls. This water fall is surrounded by mesmerising natural sceneries. It is a perfect destination for the nature’s lovers. Sarvodaya Ashram, established by Jayaprakash Narayan at Kawakole in the district was inaugurated by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, India first President of India. The Hariya Sun Temple, situated at the Hariya village in the district is a pious place for the devotees in this area. At the time of Chhath puja many people gathers in this place. A Hanuman temple, located in the district every year celebrates its foundation day on Akshay Tritiya i.e. the third day of Hindu calendar month Baisakhi. Jarra Baba, located at Sirdalla is famous for fulfilling the wishes of its devotees.