Bulandshahar district, a part of Meerut division is a district of Uttar Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Bulandshahar town. According the history of 1018 A.D., Mahmud of Ghazni came to Baran, a place in the district. Another Mughal Emperor Kutb-ud-din ruled over the place in the year 1193. The invasions of Rajput and Mongoliods in the region were started in the 14th century and they were the people who left permanent settlements in the country. When the declination of Mughal Empire was started in the whole India then it gave an opportunity to the Chieftains of Jats and Gujars to rule some areas. At that time the history of the place Baran was similar to that of the district. During the period of British rule, they captured Koil and the Aligarh fort in 1803. They as well incorporated Bulandshahar and its surrounding areas in the newly formed Aligarh district in 1805. In 1857 during the first want of independence even Bulandshahr could not remain a lot by the popular explosion against the British rule. One message of resolution was carried from Aligarh by Pandit Narayan Sharma on 10th May, 1857 to Bulandshahr. It was the place, Bulandshahr where the first popular alarm of freedom struggle was sounded by the brave nationalist. Moreover, the gurjaras of Dadri and Sikandrabad area began destruction of inspection bungalows telegraph offices and government buildings as they were symbols of foreign rule. The government institutions were also looted and burned to ashes.
Ashok Chakradhar, a distinguished Hindi author and poet was born on 8th February, 1951 in Bulandshahar town. He also served as professor in Hindi literature at Jamia Millia Islamia University in Delhi. In 2014 the Government of India honoured him by the prestigious Padma Shri Award. Yogendra Singh Yadav, an eminent soldier and a Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) of the Indian army was born on 10th May, 1980 at the Aurangabad village in the district. He was honoured by the highest Indian military award i.e. Param Vir Chakra for his actions during the Kargil War.
Geographically, the district lies at 28°41’N latitude, 77°85’E longitude and 237 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 3.66% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 4,512 sq. km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 14th in the state and 254 th in India. It is bounded by Panchsheel Nagar district on the north, Aligarh district on the south, Jyotiba Phule Nagar district and Budaun district on the east and Gautam Buddha Nagar District on the west. Natives of the district experience extremely hot climate during the summer and fairly cold in the winter. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 595.8 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 7 tehsils in the district namely Anupshahar, Bulandshahr, Debai, Khurja, Shikarpur, Siana and Sikandrabad. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 5 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 21 towns and 1,242 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 34,99,171 including 18,45,260 are males and 16,53,911 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 896 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 20.12% out of which 19.02% were males and 21.36% were females. The population density in the district is 776 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 70,524 including 36,904 were males and 33,620 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 6,559 out of which 4,211 were males and 2,348 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 77.37% of the total population. According to 2001 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 93.30%.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. Moreover the agro based industries are the chief revenue earner and it provides ample employment to its natives. Some of its foremost agricultural products are mango, potato, tomato, onion, coriander, garlic, pea, cauliflower, cabbage, bottle gourd, etc. Ceramic, pottery and handicrafts of the district are famous across the world. It is also a hub of big factories and small industries. Some of its core industries are J.P. Group, Kajaria Ceramics, Orient Ceramics, Good luck Pipes, Vishal Pipes, OTR Papers Pvt. Ltd., Mouri Yeasts, industries making Chlorinated Paraffin Wax, etc. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 33,69,636 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 21,03,501 lakh at Constant Prices during the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 30,25,995 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 18,37,310 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 75,019 at Current Price and Rs. 45,549 at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012.
Bulandshahar district is one of the educationally developed districts in Uttar Pradesh. There are some reputed educational institutions in the district namely IP Degree College, DAV Degree College, Shivcharan Inter College, Government Inter College, Muslim Inter College, Sharma Inter College and School of Business Management and Technology. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 68.88% including 80.93% are males and 55.57% are females. The total number of literates in the district is 20,31,656 including 12,53,314 are males and 7,78,342 are females.
Sangh Priya Gautam, a prominent Indian politician and the former Union minister of state for agro and rural industries was born in the year 1931 in Bulandshahar district. He was elected to Rajya Sabha in 1990 and again in 1998 as a candidate of Bharatiya Janata Party (political party). Arif Mohammad Khan, an illustrious Indian politician and a former Union Minister of Civil aviation and Energy was born in 1951 at Bulandshahar town. At the very beginning of his political career he was a member of India National Congress but after some time he joined the Janata Dal party then he again resigned that party and joined Bahujan Samaj party. Lastly, in the year 2004 he joined Bharatya Janata Party which he also quit in 2007 since according to him he was ignored in the party.
During the year 2021, there were 10,66,775 domestic tourists and 1 foreign tourists who visited these places of the district. Every year numerous travellers from different parts of country come to the district to enjoy its centres of attraction. Karnavas, a place situated on the bank of Ganga near to the atomic power plant. It got its name from King Karna mentioned in the great epic Mahabharat who used to donate 50 kgs. of gold every day. Temple of Goddess Kalyani is the identity of the place. Belon, a small village located near the Bulandshahar district. There is a temple of Maa Sarva Mangla (Goddess of well-being) with a very beautiful garden allures many pilgrims from across the country. Ahar, a place comprises old temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Avantika is situated on the bank of the River Ganga. Kala Aam Chauraha, an ancient structure built by the British is situated near the district court of Bulandshahar. Bhuteshwar Mandir is the most notable temple in the district. People from far distance place come to the temple to offer their prayers.