Hamirpur district, a part of Chitrakoot division is a district of Uttar Pradesh with its administrative headquarters located at Hamirpur town. The district got its name from the headquarter town. Hamirpur town is named after the name of its founder Hamira Deva, a Kala Churi Rajput, who came to this place in the 11th century from Alwar. As per the modern history, during the ending period of the year 1728 the entire Hamirpur district came under the rule of Nawabs. After some time the sudden entry of the Peshwa Baji Rao, a Maratha into this region compelled the Nawabs to leave from this region. Then came the British East India Company and most of the portions of the present district was surrendered to East India Company on 31st December, 1802 by the notable treaty named Treaty of Bassein. At that time Hamirpur was not a separate district, it was a part of the newly formed Bundelkhand district. Hamirpur remained as its part till March, 1819 when two new districts were formed one in the north including Hamirpur was named Northern Bundelkhand or Kalpi and another one that in the south was called Banda. In the year 1821, the headquarters of the Northern Bundelkhand are shifted from Kalpi to Hamirpur. Hamirpur was emerged as a separate and an independent district in the map of Uttar Pradesh in 1823. The wave of nationalism was started in the entire India including Hamirpur during the 20th century. The youth of the district became restless for an independent India. During the time of anti-partition agitation of 1905, the district was also actively participated in holding public meetings, organizing strikes and protests. The non-co-operation movement was widely spread in the district in August, 1920. Even a campaign was launched in the district in order to urged the natives to use indigenous goods, especially Khadi. The people were encouraged to leave government services, boycott the courts, and even children were asked not to go to English and government schools. In this way the district has remarkably contributed in most of the freedom movements of India.
Geographically, the district lies at 25°95'N latitude, 80°15'E longitude and 80 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 5.65% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 4,021 sq. km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 25th in the state and 297th in India. It is bounded by Jalaun district, Ramabai Nagar district and Kanpur district on the north, Mahoba district and Madhya Pradesh on the south, Banda district on the east and Lalitpur district on the west. The prominent rivers that flows through the district are Betwa, Yamuna, Virma and Dhasan. During summer the climate of the district remains extremely hot. The actual rainfall in the district was 1091.8 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 4 tehsils namely Hamirpur, Rath, Maudaha and Sarila. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 2 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 4 sub-districts, 7 towns and 627 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 11,04,285 including 5,93,537 are males and 5,10,748 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 861 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 5.80% out of which 5.27% were males and 6.42% were females. The population density in the district is 275 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 29,306 including 15,502 were males and 13,804 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 7,211 out of which 4,350 were males and 2,861 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 91.46% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 98.55%.
The economy of the district is solely based on agriculture. Most of the land in Hamirpur is irrigated land. Canals are the key source of irrigation to the agricultural fields in the district. Some of its chief agricultural products are Wheat, lentil, jowar, Bengal gram, bajra, mustard, arhar, peas, oil seed, guava, citrus, aonla, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Most of the population in the district are engaged in agriculture since it is scantily industrialized. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Hamirpur as one of the country's 250 most backward districts that is currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 12,37,102 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 9,65,340 lakh at Constant Prices during the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 10,58,479 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 8,27,186 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 93,903 at Current Price and Rs. 73,384 at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is an abode of numerous reputed educational institutions. It provides platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Government Girls Post Graduate College, Swami Bramhanand Degree College, Government Post Graduate College, Yug Chetana Mahavidyalaya, Naga Swami Balika Degree College, Abhinav Pragya Mahavidyalaya, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 68.77% out of which 79.76% are males and 55.95% are females.
Rajnarayan Budholiya, a distinguished Indian politician and a member of 14th Lok Sabha from the Hamirpur constituency was born on 10th April, 1961 at Hamirpur town. He is a member of Bahujan Samaj party. Ashok Kumar Singh Chandel, an eminent Indian politician and a member of 13th Lok Sabha from the Hamirpur constituency was born on 4th July, 1954 at Hamirpur town. He is a member of Bahujan Samaj party.
During the year 2021, there were 1,47,682 domestic tourists who visited these places of the district. The district has numerous centres of attraction with historical and religious significance which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Singh Maheshwari temple, located on the bank of Yamuna River is a famous temple of Lord Shiva and Parvati. This temple is getting popularity day by day due to its deep historical importance. Chaura Devi Temple was constructed by a devotee after he dreamed the idol of Goddess in the mid-night. He built the temple around a Peepul tree. Meher Temple, situated at Hamirpur town was constructed by Parmeshweri Dayal Pukar, a devotee of Mehar Baba in 1964. Some other notable places of interest are City Forest, Gayatri Tapubhumi, Bake Bihari temple, Brahamanand Dham, Kalpa Vriksha, Nirankari Ashram, Gayatri Shakti Peeth, etc.