Sant Ravidas Nagar, a part of Mirzapur division is a district of Uttar Pradesh with its administrative headquarters located at Gyanpur town. In terms of area the Sant Ravidas Nagar district is the smallest district of Uttar Pradesh. Earlier, the district was popularly known as Bhadohi. Its old name Bhadohi is derived from Bhar Raj of the place which made Bhadohi as its capital. The place has numerous mounds and old tanks which are named after the Bhar rulers, a tributary of Kannauj kingdom. After sometime the Mughal rule was started in the region and during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar, he made it a dastur and included it in the sarkar of Allahabad. In the 15th century, the place was went into the hands of Monas Rajputs and Sagar Rai was the first head of the clan. Then Jodh Rai, his grandson received the place as a zamindari sanad (deed) from the Mughal Emperor, Shah-e-Jahan. In 1911, Bhadohi came under the first Maharaja of the newly created princely state of Banaras which was ruled by Maharaja Prabhu Narayan Singh and till 1947 it was remained as a part of Banaras. Its previous name Bhadohi was changed to Sant Ravidas Nagar when the Mayawati government came into the power. It was carved out from the Varanasi district and emerged as a separate district in the year 1996.
Geographically, the district lies at 25°38’N latitude, 82°48’E longitude and 85 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 0.37% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 1,015 sq kms. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 71st in the state and 578th in India. It is bounded by Jaunpur district on the north, Mirzapur district on the south, Varanasi district on the east and Allahabad district on the west. The prominent river that flow through the district is Ganga. The climate of the district remains extremely hot during the summer and fairly cold during the winter. The actual rainfall in the district was 930.4 mm in the year of 2021-2022.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 tehsils namely Aurai, Bhadohi and Gyanpur. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 5 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 3 sub-districts, 11 towns and 1,217 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 15,78,213 out of which 8,07,099 are males and 7,71,114 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 16.58% including 14.32% were males and 19.05% were females. The population density in the district is 1,555 persons per sq. kms. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 43,017 including 22,715 were males and 20,302 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 10,730 out of which 5,802 were males and 4,928 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 86.70% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 97.76%.
The economy of the district is mainly based on agriculture. Most of the lands in the district are used for agricultural purposes. Some of its chief agricultural products are rice, wheat, barley, sugarcane, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the farmers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from the agricultural products helps in its economy to a great extent. More than half of the population in the district are engaged in agriculture since it is scantily industrialized. Only a few industries of carpets and rugs are available in the district. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 9,27,737 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 5,94,227 lakh at Constant Prices during the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 8,04,871 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 5,01,407 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 45,525 at Current Price and Rs. 28,361 at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is an abode of numerous reputed educational institutions. It provides platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Kashi Naresh Post Graduate Collage (K.N.P.G), Ram Dev P.G. College, Buddhiram Dubey Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Vimal Singh Mahavidyalaya etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 68.97% including 81.47% are males and 56.03% are females.
Ramesh Dube, an eminent Indian politician and a member of 14th Lok Sabha from the Mirzapur constituency was born on 1st July, 1967 at Manikpur in the Bhadohi town. He is a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party. Gorakh Nath Pandey, an illustrious Indian politician and a member of 15th Lok Sabha from the Bhadohi constituency was born on 25th April, 1951 at Berawa Paharpur village in the district. He is a member of the Bahujan Samaj Party.
During the year 2021, there were 8,08,642 domestic tourists who visited these places of the district. The district has numerous centres of attraction with historical and religious significance which allures many travellers from different parts of the country as well as world. Among all the tourist spots of the district, the most popular one is the Sita Maddhi Temple which is located at a distance of 25 kms. from the district headquarter Gyanpur. Pilgrims from across the country come to this temple to offer their prayers. Some other notable places of interest in the district are Baba Harihar Nath Temple, Sai Dhaam, Chakwa Mahavir Mandir, Ghopaila Devi Mandir, Gyan Sarovar, Raja Park, Mukherjee Park, Gazimia Mazar, Semradh Nath, etc.