Jalaun district, a part of Jhansi division is a district of Uttar Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Orai town. There are two interesting stories associated with the name of the district Jalaun. Natives of the district believe that earlier Jalaun was covered by a dense forest which looked like a net and in Hindi the term net is called Jal and forests is called Van. So, both the Hindi terms together created a new word i.e., Jalvan. With the passage of time the term Jalvan transformed to the present name Jalaun. The second story claims that the Jalaun dstrict was named after a popular saint of that time 'Jalana'. At the very beginning it was an abode of two prominent Rajput clans, the Sengars in the east and the Kachwahas in the west. In the early 14th century, a major portion of the place, Jalaun was under the rule of Bundels. After sometime the place was passed under the rule of the Mughal Empire. The rule of Akbar’s governors at Kalpi maintained their dominance with a nominal authority over the surrounding district, on the other hand the seeds of chronic revolt were germinated in the minds of the Bundela chiefs, which culminated in the war of independence under Maharaja Chhatrasal. But on the outbreak of a rebellion in 1671 Akbar, himself went there so to control the situation and occupied a large province to the south of the Yamuna. The British came and captured Jalaun in the year 1806. But in 1840, when Nana Gobind Ras was died without descendants, the place was automatically annexed to British India according to the doctrine of lapse. In this way numerous notable changes were place in the boundary of the territory. Moreover, the place of Jalaun has witnessed much violence during the Revolt of 1857.
Narendra Mohan, an eminent Indian industrialist, chairman and managing director of the Jagran Prakashan, a publisher for India's largest selling Hindi newspaper Dainik Jagran was born on 10th October, 1934 at Kalpi in the Jalaun district. Narendra Mohan was renowned for his dedicated journalism and deep sincerity.
Geographically, the district lies at 26°15'N latitude, 79°35'E longitude and 144 m laltitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 5.42% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 4,565 sq. km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 11th in the state and 245th in India. It is bounded by Etawah district and Auraiya district on the north, Ramabai Nagar district on the north east, Lalitpur district on the south, Hamirpur district on the south east and Madhya Pradesh on the west. The prominent rivers that flows through the district are Yamuna, Betwa and Pahuj. The climate of the district remains extremely hot during the summer. The actual rainfall in the district was 817.3 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 5 tehsils namely Jalaun, Kalpi, Konch, Madhogarh and Orai. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 5 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 5 sub-districts, 10 towns and 1,151 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 16,89,974 out of which 9,06,092 are males and 7,83,882 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 865 females for 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 16.19% including 15.18% were males and 17.38% were females. The population density in the district is 370 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 28,397 including 14,992 were males and 13,405 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 6,932 out of which 4,389 were males and 2,543 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu 89.33% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 98.66%.
Agriculture is the backbone of the economy of the district. Some of its chief agricultural products are wheat, pea, lentil, gram, different types of pulses, mango, mushrooms, etc. Most of the lands of the district are used for agricultural purpose. More than half of its population are engaged in agriculture since it is scantily industrialised. Only a few industries of handloom, dairy and agro food processing are found in the district which also helps in its economy to some extent. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Jalaun as one of the country's 250 most backward districts and currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 15,73,609 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 9,46,124 lakh at Constant Prices during the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 13,81,175 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 8,10,515 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 73,191 at Current Price and Rs. 42,951 at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is an abode of numerous reputed educational institutions. It provides a platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are M.K.J.A Government Medical College, Gandhi Degree College, Maharani Bai Inter College, Chhatrasal Inter College, Dr. Ambedkar Inter College, Mathura Devi Girls Inter College, M.L.B. Inter College, Govt. Inter Collage etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 73.75% including 83.48% are males and 62.46% are females.
Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma, an eminent Indian politician and a member of 11th, 12th, 14th and 16th Lok Sabha was born on 15th July, 1957 in the Jalaun district. He is a member of Bharatiya Janata Party.
During the year 2021, there were 7,43,950 domestic tourists who visited these places of the district. Every year numerous travellers from different parts of the country as well as world come to this place to enjoy its various centres of attraction with historical and religious significance. Some of its notable places of interest are Jalaun Wali Mata Mandir Siddh Sthan, Baba Sahebji-Siddh Sthan, Radha Krishna Mandir, Thareshwari Mandir, Maa Kali and Shiv Mandir, Sheetla Mata Mandir, Bairagar Maa Durga Mandir, Saraswati Mata Mandir, Mansa Pooran Hanuman Mandir, Dwarikadeesh Mandir, Aajad Chandra Shekhar Park, etc.