Mahoba district, a part of Chitrakoot division is a district of Uttar Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Mahoba city. The term Mahoba is taken from 'Mahotsav Nagar' meaning a city of festivals which was celebrated in this place for the first time by Chandra-Verman or Nannuka. As per the Bhavishya Puran, earlier the place of Mahoba was popularly called as 'Mahavati Nagar' which was established by Mahamaya Deviji. From the period of 10th to 16th centuries, Bundelkhand was ruled by Chandel Rajputs, who declared Mahoba as their capital. After sometime the place was overpowered by the Muslim general Qutb-ud-din Aibak, Sultan of Delhi, in 1203. During different periods of time the place was captured and ruled by different famous rulers such as Keerat Pal Singh, Sher Shah Suri, Akbar, Maharaja Chhatrasal, Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I, etc. Till 1803 Mahoba was continuously ruled by Maratha rulers. Later, by the Treaty of Bassein Mahoba was surrendered to British India and they made it a subdivision of Hamirpur district. Finally, Mahoba was emerged as a separate district in the map of Uttar Pradesh on 2nd November, 1995.
Geographically, the district lies at 25°29'N latitude, 79°87'E longitude and 214 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 5.41% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 3,144 sq. km. and it is bounded by Hamirpur district on the north, Lalitpur district on the west and Madhya Pradesh on the east and south. The climate of the district remains extremely hot during the summer. The actual rainfall in the district was 543.7 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 tehsils namely Charkhari, Kulpahar and Mahoba. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 2 Assembly constituencies in the district.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 8,75,958 (persons) out of which 4,66,358 (males) and 4,09,600 (females). The district has a sex ratio of 878 females for 1000 males. In the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 23.64 (persons) including 22.83 (males) and 24.59 (females). In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 15,545 including 7,918 were males and 7,627 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 1,695 out of which 993 were males and 702 were females. As per 2001 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 93.1% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 99.19%.
The economy of the district is mainly agrarian based. Most of the lands in the district are used for agricultural purpose. Some of its chief agricultural products are Wheat, barley, sorghum, pearl millet, maize, pulses, oilseeds, etc. The adoption of the new agricultural technologies amongst the famers of the district helps to increase the production of various agricultural items. More than half of the population in the district are engaged in agriculture since it is scantily industrialized. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj declared Mahoba as one of the country's 250 most backward districts that is currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 8,84,925 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 6,07,005 lakh at Constant Prices during the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 7,58,401 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 5,14,844 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 73,053 at Current Price and Rs. 49,592 at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district is an abode of numerous reputed educational institutions. It provides platform for higher education. Some of its recognised educational institutions are Govt. Polytechnic College, Nehru Bal Inter College, Mukund Lal Tiwari Inter College, DAV Inter College etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 65.27% (persons), 75.83% (males) and 53.22% (females).
During the year 2021, there were 3,10,998 domestic tourists who visited these places of the district. Every year numerous travellers from different parts of the country as well as world come to this place to enjoy its centres of attraction with historical as well as religious significance. Kakramath temple, situated at the Madan Sagar is a beautifully built granite temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Another well known temple i.e. the Madan temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is situated at the nearby place. Vijay Sagar Pakshi Vihar, located at a distance of 5 km. from the town was built by Vijay Pal Chandela (1035-1060 AD) on the shores of Vijay-Sagar. Sun Temple, at Rahila Sagar was built by Chandela ruler Rahila (890-910 AD). Though in a ruined state at present yet it is able to attract many visitors from across the country. Manaiya Devi Temple, stands on the shores of Madan Sagar is the shrine of Pir Mubarak Shah, a Muslim saint. Gokhar Hill is the perfect destination for nature’s lovers.