Sitapur, a district of Uttar Pradesh is located in the Lucknow division with its headquarters situated at Sitapur town. There is a belief among its natives that Sitapur was established by the king Vikarmaditya and he named it after the name of Lord Ram's wife i.e. Sita. It is a land of sufis and saints. As per Hindu mythology, Puranas were written by Rishi Ved Vyas at Vyas Gaddi present day’s Naimisharanya. The Hindus have to visit Sitapur as it is one of the five sacred places of their Panch Dham Yatra (journey). According to the history of the district, prior to the invasion of Rajputs there was the rule of the Pasis in this region. During the rule of Mughal kings of Delhi, the place was generally ruled by the Governor of Bahraich, but a little authority was exercised by the main king. During the Mughal period under the rule of Akbar the present district was the part of four Sarkars-Khairabad, Bahraich, Oudh, and Lucknow-all located in the Subah of Oudh. In the first war of independence in 1857, Sitapur participated actively. At that time in Sitapur Cantonment there were quartered of three regiments of native infantry and a regiment of military police. On 3rd June, 1857 the troops rose to fire on their officers, most of them were killed and some of them with their wives and children fled away. The contribution of Sitapur in the Indian struggle for independence cannot be denied. Many freedom fighters were born in this place among those Maulana Fazle Haq Khairabadi is notable who played a vital role in the revolt of 1857.
Javed Akhtar, a distinguished poet, lyricist and scriptwriter born on 17th January, 1945 at Khairabad in Sitapur district. Akhtar is a mainstream writer and some of his most successful work was carried out with Salim Khan, another eminent poet and lyricist. He is honoured by the Sahitya Akademi Award and he also won 13 Filmfare Awards. Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey, a very brave Indian Army officer of the regiment 1/11 Gorkha Rifles was born on 25th June, 1975 in Sitapur. He was died during the Kargil war. He was honoured by the India's highest military award i.e. Param Vir Chakra for his courage and leadership during the war times.
Geographically, the district lies at 27058'N latitude, 80067'E longitude and 137 m altitude. In the year 2019, there was a total 3.65% forest area of total geographical area. The district occupies a geographical area of 5,743 sq kms. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 4th in the state and 183rd in India. It is surrounded by Lakhimpur Kheri district on the north, Lucknow district and Barabanki district on the south, Bahraich district on the east and Hardoi district on the west. The prominent rivers that flows through the district are Ghaghara and Sarda. The climate of Sitapur is pleasant. Its minimum temperature is 6°C where as its maximum temperature is 43.34°C. The actual rainfall in the district was 755.7 mm in the year of 2018-19.
Administration wise the district is divided into 6 tehsils namely Sitapur, Biswan, Mishrikh, Laharpur, Mahmudabad and Sidhauli. There are 4 Lok Sabha and 9 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 6 sub-districts, 12 towns and 2,348 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 44,83,992 including 23,75,264 are males and 21,08,728 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 888 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth in the district was 23.88% out of which 22.35% were males and 25.65% were females. The population density in the district is 781 persons per sq. kms. In the year 2017 the number of live births in the district was 95,564 including 50,576 were males and 44,988 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 5,317 out of which 2,977 were males and 2,340 were females. As per 2011 census the major religions in the district are Hindu and Muslim with 80.07% and 19.23% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district are Hindi is 94.09%.
The economy of the district is mainly based on agriculture. The core agricultural crops of the district are wheat, rice, urad, sugarcane, mustard, peppermint and groundnuts. There are also some factories in the district such as plywood, sugar, paper, rice and flour mills are scattered all over the district which contributes in its economy to a great extent. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj announced Sitapur as one of the country's 250 most backward districts. Among the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh it is the one which currently receives funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). In the year 2016-17 the gross domestic product of the district was Rs. 21,46,816 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 16,72,121 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2017-18 was Rs. 20,64,446 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 14,65,578 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the year 2017-18 was Rs. 40,924 at Current Price and Rs. 29,052 at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012.
As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 61.12% including 70.31% are males and 50.67% are females. Some reputed educational institutes in the district include Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay Govt. P.G College, Fakerudeen Ali Ahmed Degree College, Acharya Narendra Dev T.T. College, Hajari Lal Degree College, etc.
Rajesh Verma, an illustrious Indian politician and a member of Bharatya Janata Party was born on 6th November, 1960 in Sitapur district. He was elected to the 13th Lok Sabha in 1999 and 14th Lok Sabha in 2004 in the both elections he represented Sitapur constituency.
During the year 2018, there were 2,18,136 domestic tourists and 1,311 foreign tourists who visited these places of the district. The district has numerous centres of attractions which allures travellers from across the world. Khairabad, a small town full of marvellous sufi heritages include Dargah bade Maqdoom sahib, Imam bara Makka jamadaar, Ghuyya Tali, Imam bara Aaga Ali, Niazia school, Pakka bagh, Dargah chote Maqdoom and Dargah Hafiz Mohd. Ali Shah. Mishrikh, a religious place situated 10 kms. away from Namisharanya in the district. The place has two most well known pilgrim spots of the district namely Maharishi Dadhichi Asharam and Sitakund. Some renowned temples in the district are Suraj Kund temple, Gosai Baba temple, Lalita Devi temple, Shyamnathan Mandir, Baram Baba temple, etc.