Firozabad district, a part of Agra division is a district of Uttar Pradesh state with its administrative headquarters located at Firozabad city. In the times of yore Firozabad was popularly called as Chandwar Nagar. The landowners of this place belongs to the Sayed, Manihar, Pathan and the Hindu Rajput castes. According to folklore, the great Mughal Emperor, Akbar sent his army under Firoz in order to control the people of this place since they saw the fire of revolution that were spreading in the habit of attacking and looting the revenue collected and to be taken to the Emperor. At that time Firoz was actively involved to catch the thieves of this region and made it a cantonment thus, the district was named after him as “Firozabad”. The tomb of Firoz is still present in the district. In the year 1596 the gazetteer of Agra and Mathura disclosed that Firozabad was upgraded to a Pargana and then given to Nabab Sadulla as a jagir during the reign of Shah Jahan (1627-1658). In 1737 Bajirao Peshwa looted Firozabad and Etmadpur during the regime of Mohammad Shah. Gajuddin, Hidayat Vaksh, the son of Alamgir II, his nephew and Mirza Baba, his son in law was also came to Firozabad in order to rule it. At the end of 18th century, there was the rule of Himmat Bahadur Gusain in Firozabad with the cooperation of the Raja of Labhowa. During the period of Indian struggle for independence, people of this region also enthusiastically participated in almost all the National Freedom Movements but especially in the "Khilafat Movement", "Quit India Movement", and "Namak Satyagrah" and most of its natives went to the jail as well. Mahatma Gandhi visited Firozabad 1929 followed by Semant Gandhi in 1935, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1937 and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in 1940. Firozabad district was finally emerged on 2nd February, 1989. It became a Nagar Nigam in the year 2015.
Banarsidas Chaturvedi, a distinguished Hindi-language writer and journalist was born in the year 1892 at Firozabad city. He was honoured by the prestigious Padma Bhushan Award in 1973. For a long period of twelve years he served as a nominated member of Rajya Sabha.
Geographically, the district lies at 27°16'N latitude, 78°40'E longitude and 164 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 2.43% forest area of total geographical area. The district encompasses a geographical area of 2,407 sq. km. and in terms of geographical area it occupies the ranks of 52nd in state and 450th in India. It is bounded by Etah district on the north, Agra district on the south and west and Mainpuri district on the east. The prominent rivers that flows through the district are Yamuna. The climate of the district remains extremely hot during the summer and fairly cold during the winter. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 713.6 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 4 tehsils namely Firozabad, Jasrana, Shikohabad and Tundla. There are 1 Lok Sabha seat and 5 Assembly constituencies in the district. Moreover, the district comprises 9 towns and 807 villages. The administrative language in the district is Hindi.
According to 2011 census the district has a population of 24,98,156 including 13,32,046 are males and 11,66,110 are females. The district has a sex ratio of 875 females for every 1000 males. During the year 2001-2011 the population growth rate in the district was 21.69% out of which 20.15% were males and 23.49% were females. The population density in the district is 1,038 persons per sq. km. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 75,909 including 38,350 were males and 37,559 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 12,708 out of which 9,188 were males and 3,520 were females. As per 2011 census the major religion in the district is Hindu with 85.69% of the total population. According to 2011 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 97.32%.
The economy of the district to some extent is based on agriculture. Some of its chief agricultural products are rice, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, potato, jack fruit, mango, guava, papaya, citrus, pomegranate, aonla, mustard, maize, etc. Every year a huge chunk of revenue comes from these agricultural products. The district is famous for glass industry and all sorts of glass articles are found there such as jar, candle stand, glasses, flower vases, decorative lights etc. The district exports its beautiful glass articles to different parts of the country as well as world. The district has some other industries also such as sugar mills, potato based industries, agro industries, etc. In the year 2020-21 the gross domestic product in the district was Rs. 20,70,431 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 12,63,877 lakh at Constant Prices during the year 2011-2012. The Net Domestic Product in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 18,36,512 lakh at Current Price and Rs. 10,89,723 lakh at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, At Factor Cost in the district during the period 2020-21 was Rs. 62,986 at Current Price and Rs. 37,373 at Constant Prices in the year 2011-2012.
The district provides a platform for the higher education. There are numerous reputed educational institutions in the district namely AK College, B.D.M. Municipal Girls Degree College, Dr. ZH Institute of Technology and Management, J.S. Institute of Management and Technology, Jhunjhunwala Business School, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management Jhunjhunuwala Degree College, etc. As per 2011 census the literacy rate in the district is 71.92% out of which 80.82% are males and 61.75% females. The total number of literates in the district is 15,21,806 including 9,12,314 are males and 6,09,492 are females.
The district has numerous centres of attraction with historical and religious importance which allures many travellers from different parts of the world. It has two sand stone pillars with the inscriptions of the great Ashoka are the prominent tourist spots. Kalan Mosque, a well known mosque of the district was built by Khan-I Jahan Junan Shah who used to work under Firoz Shah Tuglaq during the period of 1368 AD to 1387 AD. Marsalganj Jain Temple is the temple of Lord Rishabh Dev and it is a pious place for all Jains. Devotees from different parts of the country come to this temple to offer their prayers. Some of its other places of interest are Firuz Shah Tughlaq Tomb, St John’s Church, Jhoole Lal Mandir, Balaji Temple, Shanti Temple, etc.